The Role of a Healthy Diet in Preserving Eye Health and Vision

March is National Nutrition Month when we focus on the importance of making good dietary choices to preserve our overall health. This month provides a great opportunity to discuss how nutrition plays a crucial role in our health, especially in preventing vision loss and managing common sight-threatening eye diseases. The International Academy for Low Vision Specialists (IALVS) emphasizes the goal of helping our patients make the most of their vision to live their best lives possible. Understanding how good nutrition can bolster eye health and preserve vision is vital to this mission.

How Your Diet Protects Your Eyes and Vision

Recent studies have shown that poor diet can contribute to the development of potentially sight-threatening eye conditions such as cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration. Food and drink that are high in cholesterol and low in essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and healthy fats may be putting your eye health and vision at risk.

Fortunately, certain diets rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, and nuts promote healthy eyes and clear vision and protect against long-term development of eye diseases. The Mediterranean diet, supplemented with extra virgin olive oil or nuts, not only supports overall health but also specifically aids in preventing the development of diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects individuals with diabetes and can lead to significant vision loss. This diet emphasizes the intake of foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, all of which contribute to long-term eye health and visual clarity.

How Fish, Nuts, Fruits, and Vegetables Can Promote Healthy Eyes

Regular consumption of fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon and mackerel, has been linked to a lower risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Similarly, nuts like almonds, packed with gamma-tocopherol, phytosterols, polyphenols, fiber, and alpha-linolenic acid, offer anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that benefit eye health. These nutrients help combat diseases that affect the eyes by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress, two key factors in the development and progression of eye diseases.

Experts also recommend regular consumption of fruits and vegetables as they provide the body with flavonoids, fiber, minerals, and vitamins essential for improving vascular health and reducing inflammation.

Spices & Beverages: Antioxidants and Reducing Inflammation

The way you spice your food can help as well. Saffron and curcumin, for example, have shown promise in managing eye conditions. Saffron can reduce insulin resistance and has been associated with improved visual acuity in patients with diabetic macular edema thanks to its anti-inflammatory effects. Curcumin in turmeric exhibits antioxidant properties that protect against oxidative stress in your eyes.

As for beverages, green tea and coffee have their share of benefits. Green tea, known for its antioxidant properties, can protect the retina and potentially reduce the risk of diabetic retinopathy. Coffee, especially when consumed regularly, can help manage diabetes, a risk factor for several eye diseases, through its antioxidant components.

Life (and Diet) After Vision Loss

It’s important to note that even if you’ve already suffered eye disease-related vision loss, these and similar dietary recommendations can still help prevent further deterioration of your vision. At IALVS, we encourage our patients to make every effort to preserve their eye health and make the most of their vision so that they can make the most out of life. Along with promoting healthy nutrition, we offer low vision aids and devices such as telescopes, magnifiers, and dedicated low vision computer software. This can help you maintain an independent lifestyle that includes reading, writing, watching TV, and cooking nutritious meals to keep your eyes healthy and your vision clear.

This March, as we celebrate National Nutrition Month, let’s dedicate ourselves to taking the necessary steps to protect our eyes and make the most of the vision we have! Visit your closest IALVS-member eye doctor today to learn more about how nutrition can help preserve your eye health and vision and to see why we believe there is always life after vision loss.

Source: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmed.2023.1168560/full