Call to Find a Doctor - DMV Driving Laws

Information About DMV Driving Laws

Rules for drivers with low vision vary widely from state to state. Some are arcane; most are complex. The information below is an abridged listing of the rules in effect in each state when we last verified. Your low-vision optometrist is often an expert in navigating the rules and restrictions placed on driving privileges in your state. For each state, we attempt to show when the rules summarized were current, visual acuity requirements, the field of vision requirements, any codified policies regarding the use of bioptic telescopes, miscellaneous notes, and, when practical, the source of the information shown.

Our low-vision doctors fit their patients with custom vision aids and devices, allowing them to maximize the use of their remaining vision.

Vision Requirements For Driving By State (US)

Alabama

Date last verified: Feb. 4, 2024
Source: Licensing Requirements For Bioptic Lens Users | ALOA (aoa.org)

Visual Criteria for Bioptic Driving

  • Minimum visual acuity of 20/200 in each eye using the carrier lens.
  • Visual acuity when using the bioptic: at least 20/60
  • Power of the bioptic not more than 4X.
  • Visual field at least 110 degrees across the horizontal field and to at least 80 degrees across the vertical field.
  • Basic bioptic training is to be administered by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist.
  • Road test performed by a Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist (CDRS) using the bioptic telescopes.
  • Recertification annually at minimum
  • License is restricted to day driving only with bioptics. This restriction to daytime driving can be removed if the license driver:
    • Drives for twenty‑four (24) months without any at‑fault accidents and without any license suspensions;
    • Successfully completes additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a CDRS; and
    • Passes a comprehensive night driving examination administered by a CDRS.
    • The driver must submit written documentation from a CDRS stating they meet the qualifications for removal of the day driving only restriction.

Once the optometrist or ophthalmologist determines that the person will require bioptic telescopes for driving, that optometrist or ophthalmologist fills out a special form entitled Certificate of Vision Examination for Bioptic Driving that the person must submit to the Alabama Public Safety Department for completion of the requirements.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Alabama

Dr. Rod Fields

Decatur, AL

Dr. Rod Fields > Southern Low VIsion
Dr. Rod Fields

Huntsville, AL

Dr. Rod Fields > Southern Low VIsion


Alaska

Date last verified: December 2022

Each driver requires a test to determine visual acuity before issuing a license or permit. This includes original, renewal, and duplicate licenses. A tele-binocular device is used to check vision. If you usually wear corrective lenses, bring them when you apply for any license. Instead of the vision test, you may submit a certified statement from a licensed physician or optometrist stating that your vision meets or exceeds the Department's standards.

The standards are as follows:

  1. To qualify, you must have at least 20/40 vision in each eye or with both eyes together.
  2. You must wear corrective lenses while driving if you need corrective lenses to qualify.
  3. If you fail to qualify because you cannot see well, you will be denied a license or permit until you qualify.

---(Alaska DMV Manual p. 5)

The best visual acuity of 20/40 to 20/100 in one eye (with or without glasses) needs a report from an eye specialist.

The request for a license is then determined by discretion. Less than 20/100 best corrected: no license.

A person wearing telescopic or compound lenses whose field of vision is less than 60 percent will not be issued a Class D license unless the person can meet the requirements for visual acuity without the aid of the lenses.

The main office of the DMV called for clarification of the bioptic rules and told us that they seem to be permitted by discretion, with no other information available.

Back To Top


Arizona

Date Last Verified: Feb. 4, 2024
Source: Ariz. Admin. Code § 17-4-503 Vision Standards

Visual Criteria for Bioptic Driving

  • A person with corrected vision shall wear corrective lenses at all times when driving if the corrective lens is required to achieve the proper vision standard.
  • Visual acuity of 20/40 in at least one eye with the use of bioptic lenses.
  • Field of vision: 70 degrees or greater temporally, 35 degrees or greater nasally, in at least one eye.
  • Power of bioptic lens not more than 4X
  • Diagnosed impaired night vision: daytime driving only
  • Binocular vision and corrected or uncorrected visual acuity of 20/50 or 20/60 when using both eyes: daytime driving only.
  • Annual recertification required

The Department shall not license a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system unless the person submits to the Department a vision examination form provided by the Department and completed by a physician or an optometrist indicating that the individual meets visual acuity standards.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Arizona

Dr. Paul Woolf

Gilbert, AZ

1660 N. Higley Rd. Ste 101
Dr. Paul Woolf > Low Vision Of Arizona
Dr. Paul Woolf

Chino Valley, AZ

399 Palomino Rd.
Dr. Paul Woolf > Low Vision Of Arizona

Back To Top


Arkansas

Date last verified: July 2022

Standard

  • Minimum uncorrected 20/40 for unrestricted lic -min corrected acuity
  • 20/60 for restricted (daytime only)
  • Visual field of 140 degrees for a person with two functional eyes or 105 degrees with one functioning eye

No specific requirements or regulations exist for driving with bioptic/telescopic glasses.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Arkansas

Dr. Brett Mills

Rogers, AR

101 W Walnut St
Dr. Brett Mills > Eye Help Low Vision

Back To Top


California

Date last verified: July 2022

Vision Requirements

The DMV screens all drivers to measure vision with or without corrective lenses. You must visit a specialist if you do not meet the DMV's vision standard (20/40). The DMV representative will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) form to have completed by a vision specialist. If your vision is not worse than 20/70, the DMV may issue you a 30-day temporary DL to allow you time to check your vision. All drivers applying for a DL must have a visual acuity better than 20/200 (best corrected) in at least one eye before a DL can be issued. You are prohibited from using a bioptic telescope or similar lens to meet the 20/200 visual acuity standard in the better eye.

https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/uploads/2020/06/dl600.pdf on page 20

Information for Senior Drivers in California

Vision Tests
The DMV is committed to helping you keep your driver's license for as long as you can safely drive. If you are nervous or confused about the vision test, please let the DMV employee know so they can help with any concerns.

Your eyesight will be tested using a wall chart that measures your visual acuity (how sharp your vision is). The wall chart is 20 feet from where you will be standing and contains five lines of letters to read. If you cannot read the letters on the wall chart, you will be asked to look into a vision-testing machine called the Optec 1000. You look into this machine with both eyes open and for specific objects.

If you do not meet the DMV's vision standard of 20/40:

  • The DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62)form and ask you to see a vision specialist (a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist).
    • If you submitted a DL 62 within the previous six months, a new DL 62 form is not required. However, if you had eye surgery within those six months, you must complete and submit a new DL 62 so that your vision specialist can give the DMV an update on your vision.
  • If you renew your license, DMV will issue you a 30-day temporary license if your eyesight is no worse than 20/70 with both eyes. This should give you enough time to make an appointment with your vision specialist.
  • Your vision specialist will give you a full vision exam to determine your ability to drive safely. Then, you must bring the completed DL 62 back to a DMV office and take another vision test.
    • If you pass the vision test, the DMV will renew your driver's license and add (or retain) a corrective lens restriction to your driver's license. If you pass the vision test while wearing your glasses or corrective contact lenses, you must wear your corrective lenses while driving. There will be no lens restriction if you pass the vision test without glasses or corrective contact lenses.
    • If you do not pass the vision test, the DMV will schedule a Supplemental Driving Performance Evaluation (SDPE) (driving test) to see if you can compensate for your vision condition. Wear your glasses or corrective contact lenses if your vision specialist prescribes them. If you pass the driving test, the DMV will renew your driver's license and add (or retain) a corrective lens restriction to your driver's license.

If your vision specialist prescribes new eyeglasses or recommends another type of vision correction, please wait until you have completed your vision specialist's recommendations before returning to the DMV. The DMV will retest your vision; you may not pass the vision test if you aren't used to your new lenses.

Other vision-related issues

Bioptic Telescopic Lens Wearers

If your vision specialist has prescribed a bioptic telescopic lens, you may not wear your lens to pass the vision test. A DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) and ask you to see your vision specialist. When you return with your completed DL 62, you will be asked to take an SDPE (driving test) to determine if you can drive safely while wearing your bioptic telescopic lens. If you pass your driving test, your license will be restricted to wearing your bioptic telescopic lens when driving. If you pass the driving test during the day, you will have a daylight driving restriction. If you pass the driving test at night, you will not have a daylight-only restriction.

Monovision

Suppose you have monovision (one eye corrected for distance vision and one eye treated or untreated for close-up vision), and the DMV has no record of your vision condition. In that case, the DMV employee will give you a Report of Vision Examination (DL 62) and ask you to see your vision specialist. When you return with your completed DL 62, you will be asked to take an SDPE (driving test) to determine if you can drive safely.

Other Health Conditions That Affect Vision

One of the following health conditions may cause you not to meet the DMV's minimum vision screening standard. If this happens, you will be referred to DMV's Driver Safety Branch for a hearing. Existing health conditions that may affect your vision include, but are not limited to:

  • Brain tumor or lesion
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Head trauma
  • Kaposi's sarcoma ocular lesions
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke

https://www.dmv.ca.gov/portal/driver-education-and-safety/special-interest-driver-guides/senior-drivers/

Find a Low Vision Specialist in California

Dr. Peter DeGraziano

San Diego, CA

San Diego County
Dr. Peter DeGraziano > Dr Peter DeGraziano, OD
Dr. Richard Shuldiner

Corona, CA

Dr. Richard Shuldiner > Low Vision Optometry of Southern California
Dr. Harold Ashcraft

Los Angeles, CA

8735 La Tijera Boulevard,
Dr. Harold Ashcraft > Low Vision of Los Angeles
Dr. Gregory Evans

Rancho Mirage, CA

71956 Magnesia Falls Dr
Dr. Gregory Evans > Rancho Mirage Eye Care Optometry
Dr. Jimmy K. So

Upland, CA

1261 W. Foothill Blvd. #B
Dr. Jimmy K. So > Dr. So Optometrist

Back To Top


Colorado

Date last verified: November 2022

Visual Acuity

20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye if the worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if the worse eye is worse than 20/200.

Visual Field

Not mentioned in the regulations. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. The doctor must complete form 2401 Colorado Motor Vehicle Division, Motor Vehicle law 42-2-111 Driver License Services.

Back To Top


Connecticut

Date last verified: July 2022

Sec. 14-45a-1.

Vision Requirements

(a) An unlimited operator's license shall be issued or retained if the applicant or license holder meets the following visual standards: (1) A minimum visual acuity of 20/40 (Snellen) or equivalent in both eyes or the better eye with or without corrective lenses; (2) An uninterrupted binocular visual field of at least 140º in the horizontal meridian, or a monocular field of at least 100º in the horizontal meridian; and (3) No evidence of any other visual condition(s) which either alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability.

(b) A person who has a best corrected visual acuity of worse than 20/40 but at least 20/70 in the better eye, an uninterrupted visual field of not less than 100º in the horizontal meridian, and no other visual condition(s) which alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability, may be issued an operator's license with vehicle operation limited to daylight only or as otherwise determined by the commission by the provisions of section 14-36-4 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.

(c) The commissioner may waive the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section if the applicant or license holder has a visual acuity of no worse than 20/70 (Snellen) or equivalent in the better eye with or without corrective lenses, has an uninterrupted binocular visual field of at least 100 degrees in the horizontal meridian, or a monocular field of at least 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian, has no other visual condition(s) which either alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability, and demonstrates to the commissioner that they can operate a motor vehicle safely. The person's driving history and accident record shall be considered. If not otherwise required, the commissioner may request that the person take an on-the-road driving test, and such test results shall be considered in determining whether a waiver will be granted.

(d) A person who has a best corrected visual acuity better than 20/200 in the better eye and has an uninterrupted visual field of at least 100 degrees in the horizontal meridian may be issued an operator's license containing such limitation(s) as the commissioner deems advisable after consideration of the person's vision, driving ability, driving needs and other relevant factors including the opinion of the person's physician, ophthalmologist, or optometrist. The person may be required to take an on-the-road driving test, and the opinion of the medical advisory board may be requested by Sections 14-45a-10 through 14-45a-17 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies to determine whether a license shall be issued and, if so, the limitation(s) that shall be imposed.

(e) No operator's license shall be issued or retained by a person who has a best corrected visual acuity of 20/200 (Snellen) or worse in the better eye or has an uninterrupted binocular visual field of less than 100 degrees in the horizontal meridian, or an uninterrupted monocular visual field of less than 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian, or who has any other visual condition(s) which alone or in combination will significantly impair driving ability.

(Effective April 30, 1993)

Sec. 14-45a-4. Use of telescopic aids: An operator's license shall not be issued to an operator who uses spectacle-mounted telescopic aids.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Connecticut

Dr. Evan Tirado

Brookfield, CT

246 Federal Rd Ste A-11
Dr. Evan Tirado > Evan Tirado O.D. - Northeast Low Vision
Dr. Evan Tirado

Norwalk, CT

148 East Ave. Suite 3C Riverview East Medical Building
Dr. Evan Tirado > Evan Tirado O.D. - Northeast Low Vision
Dr. Evan Tirado

Shelton, CT

28 Huntington Plaza
Dr. Evan Tirado > Evan Tirado O.D. - Northeast Low Vision
Dr. Evan Tirado

West Haven, CT

153 Saw Mill Road - Route 162 Hillcrest Plaza (Exit 42 off 95)
Dr. Evan Tirado > Evan Tirado O.D. - Northeast Low Vision
Dr. Evan Tirado

Waterford, CT

131 Boston Post Road (Entrance on 12 Clark Lane)
Dr. Evan Tirado > Evan Tirado O.D. - Northeast Low Vision

Back To Top

 


Delaware

Date last verified: July 2022

  • Visual acuity – unrestricted license: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • Restricted to daylight-only license: 20/50.
  • If the applicant cannot meet the standards when tested by the eyecare specialist, the license is denied, and they may appeal the decision to the MAB. The Medical Review Section d to the Court of Common Pleas uses the MAB's recommendations.
  • Those who need bioptic lenses to drive must be recommended by an optometrist or ophthalmologist, attend specialized rehabilitation training classes, and pass a written and road test administered by the Division.
  • Those who operate motor vehicles with bioptic lenses must complete a road skill test upon initial issue, when renewing their license, or when transferring their driver's license from another state.
  • Visual Field: No requirements.

Dept. of Public Safety, Division of Motor Vehicles, Manager of Driver Safety.

Back To Top


District of Columbia

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity

20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye requires a 140-degree visual field for a restricted license. A license can be issued upon the favorable recommendation of an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Bioptic telescope lenses are okay with the doctor's recommendation.

Visual Field

Minimum of 130 degrees in the horizontal meridian. Between 110 and 130 degrees, with okay visual acuity, may be approved. The wearing of bioptic telescopic glasses requires a restriction notice on the license. http://dmv.dc.gov/serv/medical/medicalRestrictions.shtm.

Back To Top


Florida

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity

All drivers are required to have the best possible vision. A minimum of 20/70 in either eye, or both eyes together may pass with or without corrective lenses if vision cannot be improved; however, if one eye is blind or 20/200 or worse, the other eye must be 20/40 or better.

Visual Field

The minimum acceptable field of vision is an uninterrupted 130 degrees in the horizontal field. The use of telescopic lenses to meet visual standards is not recognized in Florida.

Florida Driving Laws and Low Vision

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Florida

Dr. Marc Gannon

Fort Lauderdale, FL

1540 East Commercial Blvd. Suite 102
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Plantation, FL

1776 N. Pine Island Road, Suite 214,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

North Miami Beach, FL

184 NE 168th Street
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Boynton Beach, FL

2300 S. Congress Ave., Suite 102,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Fort Myers, FL

4101 Evans Ave.,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Stuart, FL

55 SE Osceola Street, Suite 203,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Miami, FL

5858 SW 68th Street,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Coral Springs , FL

6280 W. Sample Road, Suite 203,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

West Palm Beach, FL

1500 N. Dixie Highway, Suite 209,
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute
Dr. Marc Gannon

Boca Raton, FL

21301 Powerline Road, Suite 105
Dr. Marc Gannon > Low Vision Institute

Back To Top


Georgia

Date last verified: August 2022

Visual Acuity

Must have 20/60 in either eye with or without corrective lenses. Bioptic telescope lenses are permitted for best-corrected acuity as low as 20/200, with some restrictions. License renewal for bioptic drivers is now four years.

Visual Field

140 degrees minimum if two eyes. If monocular, it needs a minimum of 70 degrees temporally and 50 degrees nasally. Rules and Regulations 40-5-27.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Georgia

Dr. Umar Ishaque

Suwanee, GA

2014 Lawrenceville-Suwanee Rd
Dr. Umar Ishaque > U & M Family Eye Care Suwanee

Back To Top


Hawaii

Date last verified: November 2022

Drivers undergo vision screening each time they visit a licensing center for renewal. The test may be waived with the presentation of a vision report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist within the past 6-month period. Suppose applicants do not meet the acuity standard of 20/40 in at least one eye and a horizontal visual field of 140 degrees. In that case, they must have a vision statement completed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted for use in Hawaii. The caveat is that the applicant must meet the same (rather strict) visual criteria you have listed without using BTSs.

Back To Top


Idaho

Date last verified: July 2022

Vision Standards

  • 20/40 or better in one eye: No restrictions necessary
  • 20/50 – 20/70:+1 in one eye: Annual Vision and Road Test
  • 20/70 or worse: Deny
  • Visual Field: None

Bioptic Telescope

  • Bioptics are acceptable: 20/40 or better in one eye
  • Annual visual and road test
  • Daylight only

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Idaho

Dr. Cheryl L. Dumont

Coeur d’ Alene, ID

3879 North Schreiber Way
Dr. Cheryl L. Dumont > Low Vision Eye Care

Back To Top


Illinois

Date last verified: July 2022

  • The minimum requirement for visual acuity is 20/40 acuity with or without corrective lenses. Drivers with acuity between 20/41 and 20/70 are limited to daylight driving only.
  • You must have at least 140 degrees of peripheral vision (the ability to see to the side) to have a license without restrictions. This is with or without corrective lenses.
  • If you wear telescopic lenses, you must meet special requirements and undergo additional testing to receive your license.
  • When you renew, you must take the completed Vision Specialist Report to your local Driver Services facility.

Driver's licenses may be awarded to some telescopic lens wearers for daylight driving, meeting the following requirements. Suppose you are a first-time telescopic lens wearer without the initial road exam. In that case, the Secretary of State's office will contact you to schedule a road exam after the office receives your Vision Specialist Report. All telescopic lens wearers must submit a Vision Specialist Report annually. If you have submitted a form in the past, the Secretary of State's office will mail you a Vision Specialist Report in advance. The telescopic lens wearer's visual requirements are as follows:

  • Acuity readings through the carrier lenses must be 20/100 or better in both eyes.
  • Acuity readings through the lenses must be 20/40 or better in both eyes.
  • Peripheral readings must be 140 degrees binocular or 70 degrees temporal and 35 degrees nasal monocular.
  • You must be fitted for a prescription spectacle-mounted telescopic lens arrangement and have had the arrangement in your possession for at least 60 days before the driver's license application date.
  • The power of the lenses must not exceed 3.0X wide angle or 2.2X standard.

Telescopic lens wearers applying for nighttime driving privileges must submit a Vision Specialist Report and a written request with their name, address, date of birth, and driver's license number. You also must meet the following requirements:

  • Possess a valid driver's license and have operated a motor vehicle during daylight hours for 12 months using telescopic lenses.
  • Have a driving record that does not include any traffic accidents during nighttime hours for which you were at fault during the 12 months before you applied for the nighttime license.
  • Complete a road exam administered during nighttime hours.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Illinois

Dr. Ronald Weingart

Oswego, IL

2075 Wiesbrook Dr,
Dr. Ronald Weingart >
Dr. Marianne McDaniel

Mascoutah, IL

105 Mascoutah Plaza Drive
Dr. Marianne McDaniel > Mascoutah Eye Care
Dr. Nader Fakhoury

Chicago, IL

709 S Seeley Ave
Dr. Nader Fakhoury > OptoNu Low Vision Care
Dr. Nader Fakhoury

Buffalo Grove, IL

722 S Buffalo Grove Rd
Dr. Nader Fakhoury > OptoNu Low Vision Care

Back To Top


Indiana

Date last verified: July 2022

Vision Guidelines for Indiana Driving Licensure

  • With or without corrective lenses, 20/40 in the better eye, no restrictions.
  • 20/50 in the better eye: restricted license daytime only.
  • 20/70 in the better eye: daytime only (must have proof of normal peripheral visual field).

Bioptic Telescope

  • Bioptic telescope lenses are permitted for best-corrected acuity through the carrier lens as low as 20/200, with some restrictions.
  • Visual acuity must reach 20/40 with telescope (4X or less)
  • Visual field no less than 120 degrees horizontal
  • Color vision adequate for traffic lights
  • Stable eye condition
  • Good mobility and mental attitude

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Indiana

Dr. Jarrod Long

Bloomington, IN

660 S College Ave
Dr. Jarrod Long > Midwest Low Vision

Back To Top


Iowa

Date last verified: December 2022

Iowa Visual Acuity > 20/40 in one or both eyes. No restrictions.

20/41-20/70 in one or both eyes. No driving when headlights are required.

  • Behind-the-wheel testing can be requested via a discretionary review process to gain the privilege of driving when headlights are required.

20/71 – 20/199 in one or both eyes Discretionary issuance

  • Requires a vision specialist statement indicating the individual is visually competent to drive
  • Requires a behind-the-wheel test
  • The behind-the-wheel testing is used to determine maximum speed, distance from home, and whether driving is okay when headlights are required.
  • If VA < 20/100, it must also be approved by a medical review board
  • If VA is < 20/200 in one or both eyes, the license is denied

Bioptic Telescopes: Not allowed to achieve the visual acuity standards noted above.

Visual Field (uninterrupted is not specified) ≥ 140 degrees binocular No restrictions.

< 140 degrees but >110 degrees binocular or≥100 degrees monocular Will require a left and right outside mirror.

Back To Top


Kansas

Date last verified: December 2022

Kansas Bioptic Laws

Bioptics are permitted for driving and to pass the licensure test.

  • Visual Acuity: 20/20 - 20/50 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/50 - 20/100 drive test required. 20/100 - Driver Review must approve 20/400. MAB or the Director must approve 20/400 or worse.
  • Visual Field: Less than 110 degrees requires a test drive.
  • Monocular driver: less than 55 degrees requires a test drive
  • For Bioptic Users: Carrier acuity must be 20/400 or better. Telescope acuity is not mentioned. Additional requirements include a vision form, an annual report, and a driving test based on understanding through carrier lenses. A doctor must certify that the applicant can attempt a driving test safely.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Kansas

Dr. Rob Stamm

Oberlin, KS

105 South Penn
Dr. Rob Stamm > Lifetime Eyecare

Back To Top


Kentucky

Date last verified: December 2022

Kentucky Medical Standards for Operators of Motor Vehicles, KAR 13:100, from Section 11: Visual acuity of at least 20/60 or better in at least one eye with a single lens system. A binocular horizontal field of vision of at least thirty-five (35) degrees to the left and right side of fixation and a binocular vertical field of vision of at least twenty-five (25) degrees above and below. Kentucky Bioptic Driving Law Below is the Act relating to the operation of a motor vehicle in Kentucky that allows visually impaired drivers to use bioptics. This Act took effect on January 1, 2001, enabling bioptic driving in Kentucky. A new section of KRS 186. 400 to 186. 640 is created to read as follows:

  • Applicants accepted to participate in a certified driver training program shall meet the minimum vision requirements.
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/200 or better, with corrective lenses, in the applicant's better eye
    • A visual field of at least one hundred twenty (120) degrees horizontally and eighty (80) degrees vertically in the same eye as used in paragraph (a) of this subsection
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/60 or better using a bioptic telescopic device
    • No ocular diagnosis or prognosis indicates a likelihood that significant deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards outlined in this subsection will occur.
    • Your vision must be stable for at least 12 months.
  • Upon acceptance into a certified driver training program, an applicant shall be given an examination to test their knowledge of the motor vehicle laws of the Commonwealth. This examination may be taken orally.
  • Take a comprehensive operator's license examination administered by the State Police. The operator's license examination shall include testing the applicant's driving skills over a route designed to test the applicant's competency using a bioptic telescopic device.

Section 4. A New Section of KRS 186. 400 to 186. 640 is Created to Read as Follows:

  • The circuit clerk shall issue, to an applicant who successfully passes the operator's license examination outlined in subsection (4) of Section 3 of this Act, an operator's license with the following restrictions:
    • Required use of a bioptic telescopic device; and
    • Restricted to daytime driving
  • A restriction to daytime driving by subsection (1) of this section shall be removed if the licensed driver:
    • Drives for thirty-six (36) months without any at-fault accidents and any license suspensions
    • Completes additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program
    • Passes a comprehensive night driving examination. The law applies as follows, and TS are allowed to meet the requirement at any level (these are the official rules as written)

The process begins with an examination by a low-vision optometrist to determine whether the patient meets the visual acuity and visual field guidelines for the Kentucky Bioptic Driving Program. An extensive assessment includes a passenger-in-car evaluation of functional vision and three paper-and-pencil tests that measure visual perception abilities, cognitive flexibility, and divided attention. The next step is training with a Driver Rehabilitation Specialist. The requirements of the program are:

  • Visual Acuity: Must have 20/200 or better with corrective lenses in the better eye to be accepted into a certified driver training program
  • Visual acuity through the bioptic telescope measuring at least 20/60
  • Visual Field: 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically in the same eye
  • Behind-the-wheel training with the Bioptic Telescope is required at a minimum of 30 hours for a new driver and 15 hours for a previously licensed driver
  • Daytime-driving-only restrictions apply but may be removed after 36 months if the licensed driver has no at-fault accidents or license suspensions
  • The driver must complete additional evaluation and training designed for night driving from a certified driver training program. The daytime-only restriction will be removed upon successful completion of movement and a road skills test, which is explicitly designed for night driving

Finally, training is based on individual learning needs, as some individuals require more time than others. If the behind-the-wheel training portion is passed, the individual is scheduled for a road skills test with the Kentucky State Police Division of Driver's Testing.

Back To Top


Louisiana

Date last verified: August 2022

Louisiana Bioptic Driver Eligibility and Restrictions

Eligibility

An applicant using bioptic telescopic lenses shall be eligible for a driver's license if he meets the following criteria. Each applicant must:

  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes and a field of 110 degrees horizontal vision without or with corrective carrier lenses. If he has vision in only one eye, he must have a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision. Note: If vision is greater than 20/200, i.e., 20/300, the applicant does not qualify for a license.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/60 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without the use of field expanders (devices attached to each side of the eyeglasses).
  • With the license application, submit an examination report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist on the Bioptic Telescopic Lens Vision Examination form (DPSMV 2008). The report shall certify that no ocular diagnosis or prognosis currently exists or is likely to occur during the license issuance period, which would cause deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards in this section.
  • Present proof of completion of 30 hours of behind-the-wheel training from a Department of Public Safety-approved adaptive/bioptic instructor.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver's skills test administered by a third-party tester certified in adaptive training. The third-party tester will administer the skills test and place the results in a sealed envelope for delivery to the Office of Motor Vehicles. The skills test is not required if the applicant is applying for a learner's permit.
  • Meet all other licensure criteria, including proper identification documentation, certificate of completion of an approved 30-hour classroom driver education training course (for ages 15 - 17) and 6-hour pre-licensing driver's education course (age 18 or older), and successfully pass written exams.

Restrictions

A person using bioptic telescopic lenses shall be subject to the following restrictions:

  • The applicant is eligible ONLY for a Class E license and shall not be permitted to operate a motorcycle or motor scooter.
  • The license shall permit the operation of a motor vehicle only during the period beginning 1/2 hour after sunrise and ending 1/2 hour before sunset ("08" restriction - Daylight driving only)
  • The applicant shall be prohibited from driving during adverse weather conditions.
  • Once the applicant has been determined "eligible," a Class E license (or learner's permit) can be issued with the following restrictions: 08 - Daylight driving only and 66 - Bioptic lenses required.
  • Any other restrictions deemed necessary by OMV shall be applied.

A person using bioptic telescopic lenses may have the "Daytime Only" (08 restrictions) lifted if he meets all of the following requirements. The applicant must:

  • Have been licensed with bioptic telescopic lenses for at least one year.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/40 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without using field expanders.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver's skills test at night administered by qualified Third Party Testers / Adaptive Bioptic Trainers.
  • Have no license suspensions, revocations, or at-fault accidents for the previous 12-month period.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Louisiana

Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas

Lafayette, LA

Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas > Low Vision of Louisiana
Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas

Shreveport, LA

Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas > Low Vision of Louisiana
Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas

Baton Rouge, LA

Dr. Mona Vicknair Douglas > Low Vision of Louisiana

Back To Top


Maine

Date last verified: July 2022

  • No correction is necessary if the driver sees 20/40 or better in the best eye without correction.
  • Those needing corrective lenses to meet visual acuity requirements will be restricted to wearing them when they drive.
  • Vision correctable to 20/40 in the best eye but could deteriorate due to glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, or other potentially progressive diseases. Must be reviewed every two years or at intervals recommended by a vision examiner.
  • Vision correctable to at least 20/100 in the best eye; restricted to daytime driving. Must be reviewed every year or at intervals recommended by the vision examiner.
  • Driving is prohibited if best-corrected vision is currently less than 20/100 in each eye.
  • Telescopic or bioptic lenses (BTLs) may not be used for purposes of meeting any of the visual acuity requirements. Drivers who meet the Visual Acuity
  • Drivers who meet the Visual Acuity requirements without BTLs may use them for taking the road test and for driving.

Back To Top


Maryland

Date last verified: July 2022

Driver's License Requirements

To qualify for an unrestricted driver's license, the State of Maryland requires drivers to have:

  • Binocular vision
  • Visual acuity (Snellen) of at least 20/40 in each eye
  • A continuous field of vision of at least 140 degrees

Restricted licenses may be issued to persons having

  • Visual acuity of at least 20/70 in one or both eyes
  • An endless field of vision of at least 110 degrees, with at least 35 degrees lateral to the midline of each side

Note: These two requirements must be simultaneous. Persons with visual acuity levels less than 20/70 but no worse than 20/100 require special handling by the MVA's Glen Burnie HeadquartersPlease get in touch with the MVA's Modified Vision Unitit at (410) 768-7513 for information and special forms. You cannot qualify for any Maryland driver's license if:

  • You cannot achieve visual acuity levels of 20/100 or better using either one or both eyes (without a telescopic lens)
  • You cannot achieve at least 110 degrees continuous field of vision

Commercial Driver's License Requirements

Commercial driver's license applicants must meet state and federal vision requirements. The minimum requirements are:

  • Binocular vision
  • Visual acuity (Snellen) of at least 20/40 or better in each eye
  • A field of vision of at least 70 degrees in each eye
  • The ability to distinguish between red, green, and amber colors

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Maryland

Dr. Thomas Azman

Annapolis, MD

1997 Annapolis Exchange Pkwy. Suite 300,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Rockville, MD

11810 Grand Park Ave, Suite 500,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Germantown, MD

12410 Milestone Center Drive, Suite 600,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Bowie, MD

16701 Melford Blvd., Suite 400,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Pikesville, MD

1829 Green Tree Road, Suite 350,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Timonium, MD

2219 York Rd. Suite 100,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Frederick, MD

5100 Buckeystown Pike, Suite 250,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Bethesda, MD

6701 Democracy Blvd, Suite 300,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Glen Burnie, MD

7671 Quarterfield Road, Suite 100,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Fulton, MD

8115 Maple Lawn Blvd, Suite 350,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Baltimore, MD

9114 Philadelphia Road, Suite 310,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

National Harbor, MD

137 National Plaza, Suite 300,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Donna Glenn

Bethesda, MD

6701 Democracy Blvd Suite 300
Dr. Donna Glenn > Low Vision Specialists Bethesda
Dr. Donna Glenn

Frederick, MD

5100 Buckeystown Pike Suite 250
Dr. Donna Glenn > Low Vision Specialists Frederick
Dr. Donna Glenn

Germantown, MD

12410 Milestone Center Drive Suite 600
Dr. Donna Glenn > Low Vision Specialists Germantown
Dr. Asif Kasmani

Bowie, MD

16701 Melford Blvd. Suite 400
Dr. Asif Kasmani > Low Vision Specialists Bowie
Dr. Asif Kasmani

National Harbor, MD

137 National Plaza Suite 300
Dr. Asif Kasmani > Low Vision Specialists Nat’l HBR

Back To Top


Massachusetts

Date last verified: December 2022

Bioptic Telescopic Lens Wearers

A customer who uses a bioptic telescopic lens is eligible to receive a Class D permit/license only if they:

1. Meets ALL of the following visual standards:

a. At least 20/40 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the telescope

b. At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the carrier lens

c. At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the other lens

d. Not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision

2. Uses a bioptic telescope which meets all of the following criteria:

a. Monocular (The telescope must be on one eye only; telescopes over both eyes are not acceptable for licensing purposes.)

b. Fixed focus (Telescopes that need to be rotated to focus are unacceptable.

c. No greater than 3x (Magnification must not exceed three times.)

d. Spectacle-mounted and an integral part of the lens (No clip-on or hand-held telescopes are acceptable for licensing purposes.)

e. Mounted to the upper quadrant of the lens (The wearer's vision while looking through the carrier lens or other lens should not be blocked or impeded in any way.

Below is MA, and a Class D is a standard licensehttps://secure.rmv.state.ma.us/PolicyBrowserPublic/PB/default.htm?turl=WordDocuments%2Fvision.htm

Back To Top


Michigan

Date last verified: Aug 2022

Bioptic drivers require 20/50; new bioptic drivers need training and road tests. Upon passing the road test, new bioptic drivers are restricted to daylight only and no freeways for 1-year minimum. After one year, new bioptic drivers may petition for nighttime and freeway driving privileges, for which additional training and testing will be required. No minimum carrier acuity is required. Yearly visual reports are required.

  • Vision with no progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Vision with progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Drivers with 20/100 or less vision in one eye and the other
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • <20/60 not eligible
  • Peripheral Vision
    • >110 deg full driving privileges
    • 90-110 subject to additional conditions and requirements

 

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Michigan

Dr. John Jacobi

Livonia, MI

32415 Five Mile Rd
Dr. John Jacobi > Suburban Eye Care
Dr. Thomas Doud

Hartland Township, MI

11200 Highland Rd
Dr. Thomas Doud > Low Vision Center of Michigan

Back To Top


Minnesota

Date last verified: July 2022

7410.2400 Vision

Subpart 1. In general. Every applicant shall submit to a vision screening or examination. The purpose of the vision screening is:

A. to screen applicants to ensure that those with insufficient vision take the steps required to achieve the best vision possible; and

B. to deny driving privileges to those whose vision is likely to interfere with the safe operation of motor vehicles.

Subp. 1a. Definitions. The terms used in this part have the following meanings:

A. "Visual acuity" means acuteness or sharpness of vision.

B. "Visual field" means the area within which an object may be seen when the eye is fixed.

Subp. 2. Unrestricted/corrective lens restriction. The applicant, if otherwise eligible, will be considered for an unrestricted driver's license or a driver's license with a corrective lens restriction if the applicant meets the following visual standards:

A. visual acuity of 20/40 or better, with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses; and

B. visual field of 105 degrees or greater in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or both eyes.

If the applicant needs corrective lenses to meet the visual acuity standards or if a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that the applicant wear corrective lenses, the applicant must wear the corrective lenses while operating a motor vehicle.

If a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that corrective lenses not be worn, the commissioner shall impose suitable restrictions upon the applicant's driving privileges, if applicable.

Subp. 3. [Repealed, 20 SR 2122]

Subp. 4. Vision examinations. An applicant shall submit a vision examination certificate from a licensed physician or an optometrist in a form as prescribed by the commissioner when:

A. the applicant disagrees with the results of the screening;

B. the applicant's vision cannot be determined;

C. any court or police officer has recommended that the applicant's vision be examined;

D. the commissioner has reasonable cause to believe that an examination is warranted;

E. the applicant has a double vision;

F. the applicant's visual acuity is less than 20/40 with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses, or

G. the applicant's visual field is less than 105 degrees in horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or both eyes.

An applicant's vision examination must have been conducted within six months of completion of the vision examination certificate.

Subp. 5. Restricted license; vision requirements. If otherwise eligible and subject to subpart 5a, an applicant will be issued a restricted license to drive if the applicant has the following:

A. visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision with either one usable eye or with both eyes; or

B. visual field of less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or both eyes.

Subp. 5a. Restricted license; driving restrictions. An applicant eligible for a restricted license under subpart five shall comply with the applicable restrictions on driving described in items A to E.

A. Speed restrictions.
20/5055 miles per hour
20/6050 miles per hour
20/7045 miles per hour

B. restriction as to type of road. An applicant subject to speed restrictions under item A may also be restricted to those roads having a maximum speed limit equal to the maximum speed limit imposed upon the applicant if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public. A person limited to a maximum speed of 45 m.p.h. or less is prohibited from driving on any freeway, expressway, or limited access highway with a speed limit of more than 45 m.p.h.

C. Area restrictions. An applicant with visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision may be restricted to driving within an area to be determined by the commissioner if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

D. Daylight restriction. An applicant with visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision may be restricted to daylight hours to be determined by the commissioner if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

E. Equipment restriction. An applicant with a visual field of fewer than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes must be restricted to driving with left and right outside rearview mirrors or restrictions in items A to E if the commissioner determines that the restriction is necessary for the safety of the applicant and the public.

Subp. 6. Other situations. When the applicant's visual acuity is 20/80 or up to, but not including, 20/100 corrected vision, or when the applicant has any vision readings or problems not covered by the above general standards, the application will be referred to the driver evaluation unit, who shall determine whether a restricted license can be issued and the kinds of restrictions that are necessary to ensure that the applicant does not pose an unreasonable safety risk to the applicant personally or to others.

Subp. 7. License denial/cancellation. An applicant's driver's license will be denied, or an existing driver's license will be canceled under the authority of Minnesota Statutes, sections 171.04, subdivision 1, clause (11), 171.14, and 171.32, when:

A. the applicant has visual acuity of 20/100 or less corrected vision;

B. the applicant is known to be receiving assistance for people who are blind;

C. the applicant has a visual field of less than 100 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes;

D. the commissioner receives a recommendation from a licensed physician or optometrist that the applicant's driver's license should be canceled or denied, or

E. the applicant fails to submit a required vision examination certificate within the requested period.

Statutory Authority: MS s 14.06; 171.04; 171.13; 171.14; 299A.04

History: 17 SR 1279; 20 SR 2122; L 1996 c 455 art 3 s 24; L 1999 c 238 art 2 s 91

Published Electronically: October 11, 200

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Minnesota

Dr. Chris Palmer

Blaine, MN

12527 Central Ave
Dr. Chris Palmer > Low Vision Restoration
Dr. Chris Palmer

Coon Rapids, MN

3340 Northdale Blvd NW #130
Dr. Chris Palmer > Pediatric Vision Development Center
Dr. Chris Palmer

Inver Grove Heights, MN

6175 Cahill Ave #101
Dr. Chris Palmer > Inver Grove Heights Family Eye Clinic

Back To Top


Mississippi

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity:1.20/200 in the better eye with the best conventional non-telescopic corrective lens(es).2.A central field loss of no more than five degrees.3.A horizontal field of at least 105 degrees, either mono or bino.4.Power of the telescope not to exceed 4X5.Visual acuity with the bioptic telescope at least 20/50 in the better eye.6.Applicant to complete a vision rehabilitation program using the bioptic telescopic device and certified by the examining optometrist or ophthalmologist7.Applicant must complete a certified driver education course consisting of at least 6 hours of actual behind-the-wheel training while wearing the bioptic telescopic glasses. 8. Recommended renewal should be every 12 months.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Missouri

Dr. Jill Mogil

St. Louis, MO

522 N New Ballas Rd,
Dr. Jill Mogil > Gateway Low Vision

Back To Top


Missouri

Date last verified: Aug 2022

General Vision Information

The minimum acuity required for an unrestricted license is 20/40 with either eye. The best-corrected vision between 20/41–20/59 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only. 20/60 – 20/74 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only and a 45 mph speed limit. Anyone with best-corrected vision between 20/75 – 20/160 with either eye shall be referred to the Department for an examination to determine whether further restrictions should be required. The standard minimum peripheral reading is at least 55 degrees in each eye or 85 degrees in one eye. If you cannot meet the vision standards as required, you may be denied a license, or restrictions may be placed on your license. If your natural and corrected acuity vision is worse than 20/160, or your peripheral combined is worse than 70 degrees, you cannot take the driving test or have a driver's license.

Bioptic (Telescopic) Lens Information

A telescopic lens, whether monocular or binocular, cannot meet the vision requirements to receive a license but may be used as a driver's aid. The applicant must have a reading of at least 20/160, without the aid of a telescopic lens or lenses, to be eligible for a Missouri driver's license. When the applicant wears a telescopic lens, the applicant will be referred to a vision specialist to obtain the reading through the carrier lens. Any applicable vision-related restrictions (such as Daylight Driving Only, 45 Miles Per Hour, Left Outside Mirror, Right Outside Mirror, etc.) would be based on the eye reading in the carrier lens(es). If the applicant has a telescopic lens (or lenses) mounted above the line of sight through the carrier lens of the glasses, the telescopic lens may serve as a supplement to the person's vision. Under no condition can the telescopic lens(es) be used to correct the person's vision to meet the licensing standard. The telescopic lens(es) may be used during the driving skills test. Drivers License Bureau, vision guidelines.

 

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Missouri

Dr. Jill Mogil

St. Louis, MO

522 N New Ballas Rd,
Dr. Jill Mogil > Gateway Low Vision

Back To Top


Montana

Date last verified: July 2022

Vision Standards

  • 20/40 or better in each eye or both eyes together
  • No restrictions are necessary. Less than 20/40
  • Corrective lens restriction if vision can be improved 20/40 to 20/70 in both eyes together
  • Restricted to daylight only, 55 mph on the interstate and 45 mph otherwise, and may be required to pass the driving portion of the examination on renewal 20/70 to 20/100 in the better eye
  • Unrestricted license will be denied, but applicant may request that a restricted license be issued.
  • If a restricted license is requested, the district supervisor or chief examiner will conduct a special evaluation to determine whether the need for a license exists.
  • Visual Field: None specified

Bioptics

Allowed for driving but not permitted to improve visual acuity on testing.doj.mt.gov/driving/ARM Code 23.3.118; 23.3.119

Back To Top


Nebraska

Date last verified: December 2022

002.01 - Class A, B, and all permits excluding school bus.

002.01A Acuity standards established by the Department are represented in the following table. The required restriction code for each acuity reading is in the right-hand column. An applicant may be issued a license or permit only when these standards are determined using vision testing equipment approved by the Department or as recorded on the Vision Statement.

Visual Acuity

002.01B - Peripheral vision standards established by the Department are presented below.
The required restriction codes for each value are shown in the right-hand column. An applicant may be issued a license or permit only when these standards are determined using vision testing equipment approved by the Department or as recorded on the Vision Statement.

Total field of vision based on visual field recognition through an uninterrupted arc of:

A. 140 degrees or greater -  No Restrictions
B. 120 to 139 degrees -  Restriction 2
C. 100 to 119 degrees -  Restrictions 2, 5, 6, 9
D. Less than 100 degrees -  License Denied

002.02 - School Bus Operator's Permit

002.02A - Acuity standards established by the Department require that an applicant for a school bus permit possess at least 20/40 vision in both eyes with or without spectacle lenses (glasses) or contact lenses only. If the 20/40 or better reading is achieved
with standard lenses or contacts, those glasses or contacts must be worn when operating the bus. No permit will be issued to an applicant who does not meet these requirements as determined with vision testing equipment and procedures approved by the Department or as recorded on a Vision Statement.

002.02B - Peripheral vision standards established by the Department require that an applicant for a school bus permit possess a peripheral vision of at least seventy degrees (70°) in both eyes. No permit will be issued to any applicant who does not meet
this requirement as determined with vision testing equipment and procedures approved by the Department or as recorded on a Vision Statement.

002.02C - No School Bus Permit may be issued to any applicant who does not possess the ability to distinguish the colors of traffic signals or devices showing standard red, green, and amber.

002.03 - Statement of Vision

002.03A - Applicants for a license or permit who fail to perform satisfactorily on the vision test administered by the examiner will be issued a Statement of Vision by the examiner.

002.03B - The Statement of Vision shall be a form approved by the Director. It shall be the only form accepted by the examiner for recording the results of an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

002.03C - The results of the eye examination of the optometrist or ophthalmologist, as reported on the Statement of Vision, will be used by the examiner instead of the results of the examiner's examination in determining the qualification of the applicant for a license or permit.

002.03D - The Statement of Vision must show that the doctor's examination was conducted within 90 days of the applicant's license examination for the Statement of Vision to be considered valid.

002.03E - A Statement of Vision indicating that the applicant suffers from constant diplopia will be cause to deny the issuance of the license or permit.

002.04 - Special Lenses

002.04A - Dark-tinted glasses may not be used on the station eye exam unless the applicant presents a signed statement by an optometrist or ophthalmologist indicating that the dark-tinted lenses will be worn for night driving.

002.04B - When any specially constructed vision correction device includes a lens system attached to or used in conjunction with a carrier lens, the applicant's acuity through the bioptic or telescopic lenses must meet the acuity standards outlined in 002.01A and the
applicant's field of vision through the carrier lens must meet peripheral vision standards outlined in 002.01B.

002.04C - Licenses issued to persons required to use bioptic or telescopic lenses shall expire annually on the licensee's birthday. Any such person shall be required to appear annually before an examiner to demonstrate their ability to drive and maneuver a
motor vehicle as a condition of renewal of their operator's license.

 

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Nebraska

Dr. Rob Stamm

McCook, NE

218 West D Street
Dr. Rob Stamm > Lifetime Eyecare
Dr. Rob Stamm

Cambridge, NE

618 Paxton St,
Dr. Rob Stamm > Lifetime Eyecare
Dr. Dirk Gray

McCook, NE

218 West D Street
Dr. Dirk Gray > Lifetime Eyecare
Dr. Dirk Gray

Cambridge, NE

618 Paxton St.
Dr. Dirk Gray > Lifetime Eyecare
Dr. Scott Ronhovde

Wayne, NE

1112 W 7th St
Dr. Scott Ronhovde > Low Vision of North East Nebraska

Back To Top


Nevada

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity

20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, may get an unrestricted license.

Visual acuity of 20/50 or better in the better eye and 20/60 or better in the worse eye may get a daytime restricted license.

Visual Field

Binocular field of vision of 140 degrees.

Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Bioptic Telescopes

Visual Acuity

  1. At least 20/40 when looking through the bioptic device and
  2. At least 20/120 when looking through the carrier lens.

Field of Vision

At least 130 degrees.

The condition, the nature of the applicant's visual deficiency, must be stable.

The applicant must pass a comprehensive road test to determine whether they can operate a motor vehicle safely while using the telescopic device and the carrier lenses.

A yearly driving exam by the DMV is required.

A yearly Vision Exam is required.

Daytime Restriction only and speed limited to 45mph.

Outside mirrors on both sides of the vehicle.

Back To Top


New Hampshire

Date last verified: December 2022

Standard license: minimum of 20/40 vision with both eyes or 20/30 with one eye. Medical exceptions: vision between 20/40 and 20/70

Biopics are not mentioned in the laws Part C, Department of Safety.

Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether their vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight-only restriction. *There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes. Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether their vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight-only restriction. *There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes.

Back To Top


New Jersey

Date last verified: July 2022

  1. Vision will be considered as passing when a minimum of 20/50 is attained in each eye, with or without corrective lenses. The Snellen Chart will determine this rating.
  2. When the vision in either eye is less than 20/50 and cannot be improved using corrective lenses, a certificate adequately explaining the deficiency and signed by a physician, ophthalmologist, or optometrist must be presented.
  3. When the vision in either eye is less than 20/50 and corrective lenses will improve the vision, then corrective lenses will be required to be worn while driving except where corrective lenses show an improvement but wearing lenses would be detrimental to the applicant's visual well-being a statement to this effect, signed by a physician, ophthalmologist or optometrist must be presented.
  4. When there is no vision in one eye, the good eye must meet the minimum standard of 20/50 with or without corrective lenses.
  5. Suppose any special device or equipment is used or needed to meet the minimum requirements outlined in this section. In that case, the matter may be referred to Safety Standards/Driver Testing for final determination.

Visual Acuity Test Standards for Commercial Driver License

A person shall not drive a commercial vehicle unless they have distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian in each eye and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green and amber. Licensing Service, 13:21-8. Ten e

Find a Low Vision Specialist in New Jersey

Dr. Errol Rummel

Toms River, NJ

815 Route 37 Clarion Conference Center Suite 135
Dr. Errol Rummel > Low Vision of New Jersey

Back To Top


New Mexico

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/80 in the better eye with restrictions. Visual Field: 120 degrees in the horizontal meridian, with at least 30 degrees in the nasal field of one eye.

Bioptics are allowed for driving but not allowed to pass the visual acuity test. Taxation and Revenue Department, Driver Services.

Back To Top


New York

Date last verified: July 2022

Vision Requirements and Restrictions

You must pass a vision test when you apply for a driver's license or to renew your license. The test must show that you have visual acuity of at least 20/40 (based on the Snellen Visual Acuity Scale) in either or both eyes, with or without corrective lenses.

You may take a vision test at a DMV office, or your vision test results may be submitted to the DMV

Suppose you are mailing or submitting a Vision Test Report to DMV. It must be completed in English.

Restrictions Related to Driver Vision

If your eye exam indicates you must wear corrective lenses to pass the vision test, a "B" restriction will be placed on your driver's license or learner permit.

There are also restrictions for drivers with low vision.

  • Telescopic lenses: Telescopic lenses are corrective lenses that are much more powerful than normal eyeglasses or contact lenses. If you need a telescopic lens to pass a vision test, you must send a completed Eye Test Report for Medical Review Unit (PDF)form (MV-80L) to DMV's Medical Review Unit (MRU). A "TELESCOPIC LENSES" restriction will be placed on your driver's license or learner permit. If you no longer need telescopic lenses, you can submit a new form, MV-80L, to remove the restriction.
  • Daylight driving only: If an eye care professional indicates that your vision at night is impaired, a "DAYLIGHT DRIVING ONLY" restriction will be added to your driver's license or learner permit.

How to Remove a Corrective Lenses Restriction

You must prove that you can pass a vision test without corrective lenses.

Remove the Restriction Online

You can remove it online if your vision test provider must be enrolled in the DMV Online Vision Registry.

Once an enrolled provider electronically notifies us that you can pass a vision test without corrective lenses, the restriction will be removed when you renew your license online.

Remove the Restriction at a DMV Office

Office procedures have changed due to COVID-19.

We recommend you conduct your DMV business at the office or by mail in your county.

See instructions and reservation information for your county

When you renew or replace your DMV document at an office, you can take a vision test there or prove that you have met our vision requirements by providing a Vision Test Report (PDF)(MV-619) completed by a qualified eye care provider.2

If your vision care provider is enrolled in the DMV Online Vision Registry and has submitted your vision test results electronically to the DMV, you will not need to submit proof or take a vision test.

Remove the Restriction by Email

If you want to remove a CORRECTIVE lens restriction before renewing your driver's license, you must obtain proof that you do not need corrective lenses and order a replacement document. Proof can be submitted to the DMV electronically by a vision care provider enrolled in the DMV Online Vision Registry or by a Vision Test Report (PDF)(MV-619) 3 completed by a

  • Physician
  • Physician's assistant
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Optometrist
  • Optician
  • Registered nurse
  • Nurse professional

To order a replacement document without the restriction, you must:

eMail these items to your local DMV office.

If the Vision Test Report (MV-619) has a print date of 9/03 or earlier, the form is valid for six months after the date of the eye test. If the state has a print date of 3/04 or later, the vision care professional marks a box to indicate if the form is valid for six months or 12 months after the date of the eye test.

2. Your Vision Care Report (MV-619) must be completed by:

  • A physician
  • A physician's assistant
  • An ophthalmologist
  • An optometrist
  • An optician
  • A registered nurse
  • A nurse professional

If the Vision Test Report (MV-619) has a print date of 9/03 or earlier, the form is valid for six months after the date of the eye test. If the form has a print date of 3/04 or later, the vision care professional marks a box to indicate if the form is valid for six months or 12 months after the date of the eye test.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in New York

Dr. George Kornfeld

Rochester, NY

2180 Monroe Ave Suite 1
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Optometry of Western New York
Dr. George Kornfeld

Niagara Falls, NY

151 Buffalo Ave ste 211
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Services in Niagara Falls
Dr. George Kornfeld

North Syracuse, NY

105 N Main St,
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Services in Syracuse, NY
Dr. George Kornfeld

Buffalo, NY

4245 Union Rd,
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Services in Buffalo, NY
Dr. George Kornfeld

Elmira, NY

227 Hoffman St
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Services in Elmira, NY

Back To Top


North Carolina

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity

20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, no restrictions. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions; 20/70 in the better eye if the worse eye is 20/200 or worse.

Visual Field

60 degrees in one eye (30 degrees on each side). Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.

Bioptic telescopes are allowed. Drivers must:

  1. Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes and a field of 70 degrees horizontal vision with or without corrective carrier lenses, or if the person has vision in one eye only; the person demonstrates a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision.
  2. To drive during daylight hours only, the driver must see 20/70 or better through the bioptic telescope(s).
  3. To also drive at night, the driver must see 20/40 or better through the bioptic telescope(s) and have a note from their optometrist or ophthalmologist stating that the applicant has adequate vision to drive at night safely.
  4. The driver must complete a behind-the-wheel training and assessment program prescribed by the Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV).

p14-17, Driver Medical Evaluation

Find a Low Vision Specialist in North Carolina

Dr. Edward Paul

Wilmington, NC

1613 Military Cutoff Rd Suite 231
Dr. Edward Paul > The Low Vision Centers of North Carolina
Dr. Edward Paul

Charlotte, NC

12105 Copper Way, Suite 100
Dr. Edward Paul > The Low Vision Centers of North Carolina
Dr. Edward Paul

Asheville, NC

28 Schenck Parkway, Building 2B, Suite 200
Dr. Edward Paul > The Low Vision Centers of North Carolina

Back To Top


North Dakota

Date last verified: July 2022

Minimum Vision Requirements and Restrictions

Applicants and operators requesting or maintaining a North Dakota license or permit and who meet the following minimum vision standards, as established by the driver's license and traffic safety division, shall comply with the associated requirements and restrictions (which are nonexclusive):

Minimum visual acuity

  1. 20/40 for a person having one-eyed vision (f,h)
  2. 20/50 for a person having one-eyed vision (a, b, d, f, h)
  3. 20/60 for a person having one-eyed vision (a, b, d, f, h)
  4. 20/40 each eye (f)
  5. 20/50 for each eye (a, b, f)
  6. 20/50 better eye, 20/60 or less other eye (a, b, d, f)
  7. 20/60 better eye, 20/60 or less other eye (a, b, d, f)
  8. 20/70 better eye, 20/80-20/100 other eye (a, b, c, e, f, g)
  9. 20/80 better eye, 20/80-20/100 other eye (a, b, c, e, f, g)

Requirements and Restriction Code

  1. Daylight driving only.
  2. Vision specialist recommendations.
  3. Vision recheck within one year.
  4. Vision recheck within two years.
  5. Road test.
  6. Field of vision report:

The horizontal visual field is 105 degrees or better. It can be obtained by totaling the temporal readings of both eyes or temporal plus nasal in one eye.

  1. Report any eye disease or injury.
  2. Outside mirror.
  3. Except as provided in North Dakota Century Code section 39-08-21, the driver of a commercial class A, B, or C motor vehicle shall comply with the federal motor carrier regulations, according to 49 CFR section 391.41(b)(10).

37-08-01-03. Visual acuity requiring road test.

Visual acuity under 20/60 requires a road test regardless of the corrective or special visual device.

Bioptics are permitted for driving and to pass the licensure test.

  • North Dakota has a complex set of restrictions based on the visual acuity in each eye. Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. One eye must be 20/60 or better to get a restricted license—20/70 in the better eye with restrictions on the speed limit. Worse eye must be 20/100 or better.
  • Visual Field: The binocular field of vision is 105 degrees. Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions.
  • Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards: 20/130 in the carrier, 20/40 in the telescope, and full peripheral field.

Back To Top


Ohio

Date last verified: July 2022

OH:http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-20(Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. Driving without correction: Binocular applicant 20/40 or better, Monocular applicant 20/30 or better.
  2. Driving with correction without restriction: Best corrected vision with corrective lenses: Same as a non-correction.
  3. Driving with the restricted license: Binocular: best-corrected vision is poorer than 20/40 but better than 20/70. Monocular: best-corrected vision is poorer than 20/30 but better than 20/60
  4. No License: Binocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/70. Monocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/60.
  5. Visual fields: The license is unrestricted if the applicant has greater than 70 degrees of vision from a target in each eye. If one eye is comprised, it must have 45 degrees of field from the target in that eye and greater than 70 degrees in the other for a restricted license. If the field is worse in either eye, no license is granted.
  6. Bioptic telescopes: Driving with bioptics is permitted. However, multiple steps must be met to achieve this.

For Bioptic Drivinghttp://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-33(Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. If the vision requirements were not met in code 4501:1-1-20, a person may still get a license to drive with bioptic telescopes.
  2. The applicant must go to an approved certified driving training and evaluation program center and have a new vision evaluation to see if they can enter the bioptic program.
  3. Once permitted into the program, the applicant must take an examination regarding motor vehicle laws in Ohio. Once passing the permit test, the applicant will be granted a permit.
  4. When the permit is granted, an examination will ensure the applicant can achieve the above-listed acuities through the bioptic telescope and have proper visual fields.
  5. After the bioptics have proven to achieve the proper vision requirements, a driving test will be administered by at least two highway patrolman examiners.
  6. The applicant is permitted three attempts to pass the driving test. If they do not pass, they must retake the permit test. If the driving test is passed, they will obtain a restricted driving license for 12 months. If, after 12 months, there have been no traffic citations or accidents, the applicant may apply for an unrestricted license. This test must be passed by two different examiners, half an hour after sundown and half an hour before sunrise.

Driver License Special Case Section, 4501:1-1-33

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Ohio

Dr. Heather Alcorn

Stow, OH

3869 Darrow Road Suite 106
Dr. Heather Alcorn > Ohio Low Vision Center
Dr. Paolo Cursaro

Columbus, OH

730 Mt Airyshire Blvd
Dr. Paolo Cursaro > Low Vision Doctors of Ohio

Back To Top


Oklahoma

Date last verified: November 2022

oklahoma dmv laws

Back To Top


Oregon

Date last verified: July 2022

Licenses issued to persons with a limited vision condition using a bioptic telescope lens have specific guidelines that must be followed. Use the following link to view the DMV Form and Instructions regarding this program:

https://www.oregon.gov/

735-062-0045, driver safety case management Enrolled Senate Bill 289 (sb 289-A)

Back To Top


Pennsylvania

Date last verified: November 2023

  1. Driving without correction: 20/40 or better in each eye or combined vision
  2. Driving with correction: If vision is worse than 20/40 in each eye or combined vision but correctable to better than 20/60 with corrective lenses. 20/70 vision with the best correction and permission from an optometrist or ophthalmologist may be granted a non-restricted license.
  3. Restricted license: A restricted license may be obtained if best-corrected vision is worse than 20/70 but better than 20/100 with combined vision. Many restrictions apply.
  4. Visual field: All applicants must have 120 degrees of horizontal field to drive.
  5. Monocular applicants are okay, provided they adhere to the above restrictions and guidelines.

Bioptic Telescope Driving Rules

It has been a year and a half since bioptic telescope systems became legal in Pennsylvania when House Bill 2296 was signed and became Act 131 of 2020.  The requirements for obtaining a bioptic telescope driver’s license are now in the Vehicle Code (75 Pa.C.S. §§ 102, 1505, 1508, and 1512.)

Act 131 changed the visual acuity requirement for driving to 20/200, provided a bioptic telescope system is used to enhance central visual acuity. 

Information about the steps to go through and obtain a bioptic telescope driver’s license can be found at https://www.dmv.pa.gov/Driver-Services/Driver-Licensing/Pages/Driving-with-Bioptics.aspx. However, there is an additional enhancement in Act 131 that you should be aware of.

Part of the process for obtaining a bioptic telescope driver’s license includes completing ten (10) hours of training during which the individual with bioptic telescopes is a passenger while someone else drives the vehicle.  This Passenger In Car (PIC) training may be conducted by a family member driving the vehicle; however, the family member will be required to complete a video training program before starting the PIC training. The video training program covers pathology, low vision assessment, bioptic telescope equipment, PIC training, and behind the wheel training. To take the video training program, family members should send an email to Bioptics@pa.gov and request a link to the videos. After completing the video training program, the family member should again contact Bioptics@pa.gov to move forward with the process.

  1. BCVA of 20/200 in the better eye.
  2. 120 degree visual field or greater.
  3. Good color vision.
  4. Bioptic must be mounted in the driving position.
  5. Must have and use bioptic for three months and do 10 hours of front seat passenger in-car instruction with a low vision rehab specialist or someone who underwent the training stated above.
  6. After three months of in-car instruction, the applicant may apply for a permit to complete behind-the-wheel instruction. A letter of proof from the low-vision rehabilitation specialist must included.
  7. After obtaining the permit, the applicant must do 20 hours of driving with a certified driving instructor, then 45 hours (5 in inclement weather) with a licensed driver 21 or older. This is daylight only, 30 minutes after sunrise and 30 minutes before sunset. This permit is for 12 months. Once this step is completed, the driving instructor reevaluates the patient, who will then recommend that PennDOT schedule the individual for an on-road driving exam by the DMV.
  8. This license limits the driving to roads other than freeways, vehicles less than 10,000 pounds, and no motorcycles. Additional terms and restrictions may be placed on the license by the low vision rehabilitation specialist, certified driving professional, or the DMV.
  9. The license is daylight only if the acuity through the telescope is 20/50 or worse. If the acuity is 2/40 or better, the patient can apply for a nighttime license after one year of original bioptic licensure. No violations or accidents were made that year, and the certified driving instructor reevaluated the patient.
  10. Annual vision assessments are required to determine that the vision meets the standards.
  11. The DMV will review the patient's record annually. Suppose the law states the patient was involved in an at-fault accident or convicted of 2 moving violations. In that case, any violations of the conditions or limitations of the license shall result in the recall of the bioptic telescope license.

View more on Legis.state.pa.us.

PA:View more on pacode.com(code last updated in 2004, and still current)

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Pennsylvania

Dr. George Kornfeld

Clarks Summit, PA

602 S State St,
Dr. George Kornfeld > Low Vision Services in Scranton, PA
Dr. John Bissell

Bakerstown, PA

5900 Heckert Rd
Dr. John Bissell > Bissell Eye Care
Dr. John Bissell

Natrona Heights, PA

4001 Freeport Rd.
Dr. John Bissell > Bissell Eye Care
Dr. Yanna K. Nachtigall

Lititz, PA

1002 Lititz Pike, Suite 196
Dr. Yanna K. Nachtigall > Low Vision Optometry of Central Pennsylvania

Back To Top


Rhode Island

Date last verified: December 2022

Title 280 – Rhode Island Department of Revenue

Chapter – Division of Motor Vehicles

Subchapter 05 – Licensing

Part 4 Rules and Regulations Regarding the Issuance of a Driver's License to Applicants and Licensees Who Use Bioptic Telescopic Lenses

4.1 Authority
This Part is promulgated according to the authority granted in RI Gen. Laws § 31-10-28.

4.2 Purpose
The purpose of this Part is to determine the eligibility of a motorist to use bioptic telescopic lenses and to regulate that use.

4.3 Visual Acuity and Horizontal Peripheral Field of Vision Standard for Applicants and Licensees Who Use Bioptic Telescopic Lenses

A. Individuals using bioptic telescopic lenses are not eligible for a motorcycle learner's permit or license.

B. Individuals who use bioptic telescopic lenses are eligible to receive learner's permits and licenses only, provided that the individual's doctor has provided a
signed certification that the following standards are met:

  1. At least 20/40 distant visual acuity through the telescope, and at least 20/100 distant visual acuity through the carrier lens, and at least 20/100
    distant visual acuity through the other lens, and not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision, and
  2. The bioptic telescope used by the applicant or licensee must be:

a. Monocular

(1) The telescope must be on one eye only; telescopes over both eyes are not acceptable for licensing purposes.

b. Fixed Focus

(1) Telescopes that need to be rotated to focus are unacceptable.

c. No Greater Than 3x Magnification

(1) Magnification must not exceed three (3) times.

d. Spectacle-mounted and an Integral Part of the Lens

(1) No clip-on or hand-held telescopes are acceptable for licensing purposes.

e. Located so Not to Occlude the Wearer's Line of Sight and Not to
Occlude the Visual Field in the Other Eye

(1) The telescope must be affixed to the upper quadrant of the lens so that the wearer's vision while looking through the
carrier lens or other lens is not blocked or impeded in any way.

f. Eligible for a "Daylight Only" License

(1) A daylight-only and corrective lens restrictions must be imposed.
If the licensee wishes to have the restrictions removed from their license,
they must take and pass a nighttime driving test.

g. Color Vision Standard

(1) Applicant or Licensee must be able to distinguish the colors red, green, and amber.

(2) A license is impossible if the applicant or licensee cannot distinguish red, green, and amber colors.

h. Vision Impairment Standard

(1) Applicant or licensee must not have unresolvable diplopia
(double vision, which cannot be resolved by wearing an eye
patch or other suppressive device).

(2) If the applicant or licensee does have unresolvable diplopia,
a license is not possible.

Back To Top


South Carolina

Date last verified: July 2022

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to achieve the acuity requirements. (a)Visual acuity of at least 20/120 in the better-functioning eye when looking through the carrier lens of a bioptic telescopic aid;(b) have improved visual acuity of at least 20/40 using the bioptic telescopic help in the better-functioning eye;(c) has a binocular horizontal visual field diameter of not less than one hundred twenty degrees and a vertical field of not less than eighty degrees without the use of visual field expanders. If the applicant is monocular, the horizontal visual field may not be less than seventy degrees temporally and thirty-five degrees nasally;(d) has the signed approval of an optometrist or ophthalmologist to apply for driving privileges using a bioptic telescope;(e) has successfully completed an In-Clinic Pre-Driver Bioptic Evaluation and Training Program as contained in subsection (C) that was provided by a doctorate level Eye Care Professional (ECP), Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist (CDRS), Certified Low Vision Therapist (CLVT), or Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS), or such other designations of qualification as may be recognized by the Department who are certified in Bioptic Driving Training; and(f) has successfully completed a recognized Bioptic Driving Behind-the-Wheel Training Program provided by an ECP, CDRS, CLVT, COMS, or such other designations of qualification as recognized by the Department who has certification in Bioptic Driving Training recognized by the Department. (g)driving only during daylight hours;(h) a maximum speed of fifty miles per hour;(i) no driving on an interstate highway.735-062-0045, driver safety case management

Back To Top


South Dakota

Date last verified: Dec 2020

south dakota dmv

Back To Top


Tennessee

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity Restrictions 20/40 or better — None (unless corrective lenses are right eye and left eye needed to achieve visual acuity) 20/40 or better one eye * Corrective lenses (if applicable) 20/60 to blind another eye: Outside rearview mirrors 20/60 or better — * Corrective lenses (if applicable) right eye and left eye Outside rearview mirrors *NOTE: These persons shall be required to supply the eye statement provided by the Department and completed by a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist. Applicants failing to meet the above standards shall fall under Low Vision Guidelines(Bioptic Lens and Telescopic Lens Wearer). Applicants for Class D, PD, or H licenses who are handicapped by low vision acuity but who otherwise qualify for a driving privilege may be licensed under the following guidelines:

Qualifications

  1. The applicant shall have acceptable mobility.
  2. The applicant shall be free of all mental impairments.
  3. Before application, the bioptic wearer shall complete training in driving with a bioptic telescopic lens(es) from a driving instructor certified in this field.

Requirements

  1. The applicant shall have a visual acuity of at least 20/200 IN BOTH EYES with the best conventional non-telescopic corrective lens(es) and a full visual field. The central field vision loss shall not exceed five (5) degrees.
  2. The applicant's visual acuity with the bioptic telescope shall be at least 20/60. The power of the bioptic telescope shall not exceed four powers (4x). The bioptic telescopic lens(es) may fit either monocularly or binocularly but shall be located superior to the normal line of gaze.
  3. The applicant shall have a horizontal visual field diameter of no less than one hundred fifty (150) degrees without using field expanders.
  4. The applicant shall present training certification in using a bioptic telescope for driving. This certification shall be obtained from an optometrist or ophthalmologist identified by a recognized professional organization as one specially qualified in Low Vision care or from a Certified Rehabilitation Person.
  5. This course must have been completed while the applicant wore the bioptic telescopic lens(es).
  6. The applicant shall present a report from the Low Vision optometrist on a form supplied by the Department, which contains the following information:
    1. Patient's vital data;
    2. Date the system was dispensed;
    3. Complete information regarding the visual requirements outlined above;
    4. Diagnosis of the visual condition and an apparent date of onset; and
    5. A statement concerning the condition's stability (progressive, stable, or undetermined).
  7. This report shall not be written until the applicant has used the system for at least sixty (60) days and shall have been conducted within six (6) months of the date of the application.
  8. From the initial report date, the applicant shall re-submit annually an updated report.

Types of Restrictions

  1. Listed below are restrictions that may or may not be required. Restrictions shall not be limited to the following but shall include any other restriction deemed necessary by the doctor of the licensee or the advisory board for low vision acuity.
    1. Daylight driving only
    2. Fifty(50) m.p.h. maximum speed
    3. Outside rearview mirrors (left/right)
    4. Certain area and time restrictions

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Tennessee

Dr. James Gillispie

Lebanon, TN

404 North Castle Heights Ave
Dr. James Gillispie > Low Vision of Tennessee

Back To Top


Texas

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Restrictions begin with vision worse than 20/50 and may require a comprehensive road test. Restrictions may include daytime only, 45 mph maximum, and no freeway driving. Visual Field: No mention in the regulations. Bioptic telescopes can meet visual acuity standards and pass a comprehensive road test.

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Texas

Dr. Larry Chism

Tyler, TX

136 Shelley Drive,
Dr. Larry Chism > Chism Low Vision Institute

Back To Top


Utah

Date last verified: January 2022

Utah requires that drivers have at least 20/40 vision and peripheral fields of 120 degrees in at least one eye to pass the exam. If you can't meet these standards, you must get a statement from your eye doctor for the Department to evaluate before completing your application.

Back To Top


Vermont

Date last verified: December 2022

Visual Acuity

20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.

Visual Field

60 degrees external, each eye.

Monocular

60 degrees external and 60 degrees nasal. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards and must pass a road test. APA regulations, Section 8

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Vermont

Dr. Dora Sudarsky

Burlington, VT

370 Shelburne Road
Dr. Dora Sudarsky > Chroma Optics​​​​​​​

Back To Top


Virginia

Date last verified: July 2022

Minimum Vision Requirements

  • Visual Acuity: Must be 20/200 or better in one or both eyes through the carrier lens (eyeglasses), AND must be 20/70 or better in one or both eyes through the bioptic telescopic lens, which must be mounted to the carrier lens.
  • Horizontal vision (without field expanders): 70 degrees or better. If one eye only, the standard is 40 degrees or better temporal and 30 degrees nasal.

 

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Virginia

Dr. David L. Armstrong

Waynesboro, VA

2522 Jefferson Highway
Dr. David L. Armstrong > Low Vision Optometrist
Dr. David L. Armstrong

Roanoke, VA

3904 Franklin Road, Suite A
Dr. David L. Armstrong > Low Vision Optometrist
Dr. David L. Armstrong

Dublin, VA

5826 Ruebush Road,
Dr. David L. Armstrong > Low Vision Optometrist
Dr. Thomas Azman

Alexandria, VA

5680 King Center Drive, Suite 600,
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Vienna, VA

8000 Towers Crescent Drive, 13th Floor, Suite 220
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia
Dr. Thomas Azman

Manassas, VA

10432 Balls Ford Rd, Suite 300
Dr. Thomas Azman > Low Vision Specialists of Maryland & Virginia

Back To Top


Washington

Date last verified: July 2022

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions. Visual Field: 110 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. 7. 3 Vision Testing (R/10/97)

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Washington

Dr. Ross Cusic

Kirkland, WA

12911 120th Ave NE G105,
Dr. Ross Cusic > Optical Images

Back To Top


West Virginia

Date last verified: Dec 2022

To qualify for the WV Bioptic Driving Program, an applicant must present the following from a visual standpoint:

  1. Visual acuity of 20/70 – 20/200 inclusive in the better eye with best standard correction;
  2. Visual field of at least 120 degrees horizontally and 70 degrees vertically in the same eye as used for visual acuity determination;
  3. Improved visual acuity of 20/40 or better using a 4x maximum bioptic telescope;
  4. No serious color vision deficits;
  5. As stated, no ocular diagnosis or prognosis will likely deteriorate below the protocol levels of visual acuity and visual field.

Authority for these requirements based on laws of West Virginia relating to "Class G" driver's License.

After providing a vision examination on the applicant, the eye doctor is to mail or fax the completed form with copies of visual field test results to:

WVDRS, attn: Bioptic Driving Program, WVDRS, #10 McJunkin Road, Nitro, WV 25143, Fax: 304 759 2264 If not involved in the preliminary evaluation, fitting and prescription of a bioptic lens system for the applicant, leave page3 of this vision screening report form blank. The Optometric Consultant for the WV Division of Rehabilitation Services will complete such services later.

Back To Top


Wisconsin

Date last verified: July 2022

Standards Set for Drivers​

To be eligible for a Wisconsin driver's license, you must be able to see details clearly and see to the sides. Wisconsin is consistent with other states in establishing a 20/40 vision and 70-degree field of vision as the level for unrestricted driver licensing.

Bioptic lenses may not be used to meet standards. These standards have been developed based on available research and the advice of ophthalmologists and optometrists in Wisconsin. The standards for regular car drivers, commercial motor vehicle drivers, and school bus drivers vary. All standards refer to the best vision, with or without corrective lenses.

Many people are having laser corrective eye surgery. When visual acuity meets the 20/40 standard, drivers may have the "Corrective lenses" restriction removed from their driver's license. To have the restriction lifted, drivers may bring a completed Certificate of Vision ExaminationMV3030V​ or a note from the vision specialist, which includes the visual acuity and peripheral readings, date of vision exam, and signature of vision specialist to a Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV) customer service center. Form MV3030V may also be obtained at a DMV service center near you.

Regular Driver's License - Autos, Small Trucks, Vans​

Minimum

  • 20/100 vision or better in at least one eye
  • 20-degree field of vision from the center in at least one eye

​Vision of less than 20/40 in each eye or less than 70-degree field of vision may require:

  • Referral to a vision specialist for a recommendation
  • Driving skills test
  • Restrictions on the license (such as daytime only, outside mirrors, limited area or routes, etc.)

Commercial Driver's License (CDL) - Large Trucks and Buses

Drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMV) operating in commerce must meet the federal vision standards and present a valid federal medical card when applying for a commercial driver's license (CDL) unless they have been grandfathered or are exempt by federal or state law.

Drivers who are not grandfathered and do not qualify for the federal medical card will be issued a restricted commercial driver's license.​

Wisconsin Standards​

(Only applies to those drivers who are grandfathered or exempted by federal or state law. Does not apply to passenger or school bus drivers.)

  • 20/60 vision or better in at least one eye
  • 70-degree field of vision from the center in at least one eye

Federal Standards

  • 20/40vision or better in each eye
  • 70-degree field of vision from the center of each eye
  • Ability to distinguish traffic signal color

School Bus and Passenger endorsements​

Minimum

  • 20/40 vision or better in each eye
  • 70-degree field of vision from the center of each eye
  • Ability to distinguish traffic signal colors

Progressive Eye Conditions​

If you have a progressive eye condition such as cataracts, glaucoma, etc., you may be asked to provide vision reports before you renew your license. These conditions can cause a gradual worsening of vision and must be rechecked to determine if your vision is still adequate for safe driving.​

A periodic vision report may be requested depending on your current vision level. The WisDOT medical review staff will notify you of this requirement by mail and send the vision report form. Failure to submit the required form will lead to the cancellation of your driver's license.

https://wisconsindot.gov/Pages/dmv/license-drvs/rnew-and-chge/vision-standards.aspx

Back To Top


Wyoming

Date last verified: July 2022

  • Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions.
  • Visual Field: 120 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Bioptics are permitted to drive and may be used to meet vision requirements.

Back To Top


Canada

Date last verified June 2018 http://www.collegeofoptometrists.ab.ca/PDF/Vision-Standards-Drivers-License.pdf

 

British Columbia

Find a Low Vision Specialist in British Columbia

Dr. Shaun Golemba

Port Alberni, BC

4009 Redford St,
Dr. Shaun Golemba > Valley Vision Optometry

Ontario

Date Last Verified: March 18, 2024

Ontario Ministry of Transportation's Highway Traffic Act.  Section 18 lays out the visual requirements for licencing.  Our Class G licence is a standard car licence (ie. nor commercial, no air brakes, etc) and M is for motorcycles.  18.2 currently allows telescopic lenses for G licencing

Ontario has also had a vision waiver program for at least 10 years for people with field loss (requires them to take a road test to show that their impairment does not affect their performance behind the wheel AND visual fields every year to ensure the defect is not worsening).

(1)  An applicant for or a holder of a Class M, M1 or M2 driver’s licence must have,

(a) a visual acuity as measured by Snellen Rating that is not poorer than 20/50, with both eyes open and examined together with or without the aid of corrective lenses; and

(b) a horizontal visual field of at least 120 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and at least 15 continuous degrees above and below fixation, with both eyes open and examined together.  O. Reg. 83/05, s. 10.

(2)  An applicant for or a holder of a Class G, G1 or G2 driver’s licence must have,

(a) a visual acuity as measured by Snellen Rating that is not poorer than 20/50 with both eyes open and examined together with or without the aid of corrective lenses and with or without the aid of telescopic lenses; and

(b) a horizontal visual field of at least 120 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and at least 15 continuous degrees above and below fixation, with both eyes open and examined together.  O. Reg. 83/05, s. 10; O. Reg. 535/20, s. 1.

(3)  An applicant for or a holder of a Class A, B, C, D, E or F driver’s licence must have,

(a) a visual acuity as measured by Snellen Rating that is not poorer than 20/30 with both eyes open and examined together and not poorer than 20/100 in the weaker eye, with or without the aid of corrective lenses; and

(b) a horizontal visual field of at least 150 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and at least 20 continuous degrees above and below fixation, with both eyes open and examined together.  O. Reg. 453/10, s. 4.

(4) Where the horizontal visual field of a driver is to be determined,

(a) it shall be measured without the aid of extraordinary optical devices that enhance or modify vision or that interfere with the horizontal visual field, such as telescopic lenses, prism lenses or sidebar prisms;

(b) the continuous horizontal visual field shall not include the natural blind spot;

(c) the visual field representation must include the central visual fixation point at its centre;

(d) no less than half of the continuous degrees of the horizontal visual field that are required along the horizontal meridian shall be found on each side of the vertical meridian; and

(e) the continuous degrees of the horizontal visual field that are required above and below fixation shall be continuous throughout the required continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian. O. Reg. 38/18, s. 5; O. Reg. 504/21, s. 2.

Ontario has also had a vision waiver program for at least 10 years for people with field loss (requires them to take a road test to show that their impairment does not affect their performance behind the wheel AND visual fields every year to ensure the defect is not worsening).

Find a Low Vision Specialist in Ontario

Dr. John W. Pond

Acton, ON

372 Queen St A5
Dr. John W. Pond > Acton Eyecare

Back To Top