logo International Academy of
Low Vision Specialists
Toll Free: 1-888-778-2030

DMV State Driving Laws

Rules for drivers with low vision vary widely from state to state. Some are arcane, most are complex. The information below is an abridged listing of the rules in effect in each state at the time we last verified. Your low vision Optometrist is often expert in navigating the rules and restrictions placed on driving privileges in your state. For each state, we attempt to show when the rules summarized were current, visual acuity requirements, field of vision requirements, any codified policies regarding the use of bioptic telescopes, miscellaneous notes, and, when practical, the source of the information shown.

Alabama

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Criteria for Bioptic Driving

  • VA of at least 20/200 in each eye with the carrier lens
  • VA through the bioptic of at least 20/60 with either eye
  • Power of the bioptic not to exceed 4X
  • Visual Field of at least 110 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically as confirmed with a 120 pt. screening test on the Humphrey Field Analyzer
  • OD or MD must fill out the Certificate of Vision Examination for Bioptic Driving form
  • Basic bioptic training certified by OD or MD
  • OT certified in low vision must also attest that you have been trained in the use of the bioptics
  • Completion of the on-the-road training by a Certified Driving Rehabilitation Specialist
  • Pass the written exam for general Alabama DMV driving license

Back To Top

Alaska

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity:

Visual Acuity: Minimum of 20/40 in one eye gets unrestricted license. Same with glasses restricted to wearing glasses (contacts). Best visual acuity of 20/40 to 20/100 in one eye (with or without glasses) needs report from an eye specialist. Request for license then determined by discretion. Less than 20/100 best corrected: no license.A person wearing telescopic or compound lenses whose field of vision is less than 60 percent will not be issued a Class D license unless the person is able to meet the requirements for visual acuity without the aid of the lenses. Alaska DMV: AAC 08. 340 MEDICAL STANDARDS; authority: AS 28. 05. 011 AS28. 15. 081 AS 28. 15. 031

It is okay to use a bioptic telescope to meet this minimum visual acuity requirement (it counts as a corrective lens), as long as the person has a letter from their eye doctor that they meet the vision requirement with this device.

Back To Top

Arizona

Date last verified: August, 2015

Standard:

  • Visual acuity. A person shall have binocular or monocular vision and visual acuity of 20/40 in at least 1 eye.
  • Field of vision. Field of visino shall be 70 degrees temporally and 35 degrees nasally, in at least one eye

RESTRICTIONS – Supp. 08-4 Page 28 December 31, 2008 Title 17, Ch. 4 Arizona Administrative Code Department of Transportation – Title, Registration, and Driver Licenses

  • A person with corrected vision shall wear corrective lenses at all times when driving if the corrective lens is required to thieve the vision standards in subsection (B)
  • The Division shall restrct a person with diagnosed impaired night vision to daytime driving only.
  • The Division shall restrict a person with binocular vision and corrected or uncorrected visual acuity of 20/50 or 20/60, when using both eyes to daytime driving only.
  • The Division shall not license a person with monocular vision and vision acuity of 20/50 or greater
  • The Divison shall not license a person with binocular vision and visual acuity of 20/70 or greater.

BIOPTIC TELESCOPE GLASSES – A person may use a bioptic telescopic lens system during vision screening.

  • Beginning on the date of a initial application and every year thereafter, a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system shall submit to the Division an annual exam performed by a physician or optometrist to ascertain whether the person has a progressive eye disease.
  • The Division shall not license a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system unless the person submits to the Division a written statement from a physician or an optometrist that the individual meets the visual acuity standard as prescribed in subsection (B).
  • The Division shall not license a person using a bioptic telescopic lens system with magnification of the lens that is more than 4X.

New Section recodified from R17-4-521 at 7 A.A.R. 3479, effective July 20, 2001 (Supp. 01-3). Amended by final rulemaking at 12 A.A.R. 221, effective January 10, 2006 (Supp. 06-1).

Back To Top

Arkansas

Date last verified: August, 2015

Standard:

    • Minimum uncorrected 20/40 for unrestricted driver’s license
    • Minimum corrected acuity of 20/70 for restricted license (driving with corrected lenses)
    • Visual field of 140 degrees for persons with two functional eyes and 105 degrees in persons with one functional eye.

No specific requirements or regulations for driving with bioptic/telescopic glasses

Back To Top

California

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity:

Visual Acuity: “The department shall not issue a driver’s license to, or renew a driver’s license of, any person whose best corrected visual acuity is 20/200 or worse in that person’s better eye, as verified by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. No person may use a bioptic telescope or similar lens to meet the 20/200 visual acuity standards.”

Bioptic Telescope Lenses:

are permitted for driving. New pilot program in Northern California includes new assessment tools:

  • Observation for any physical limitations that could affect safe driving.
  • A cognitive exercise that will require you to recall in writing your social security number or your zip code if you have never been issued a SSN.
  • A vision test that measures contrast sensitivity.
  • Perceptual Response Test, if you do not perform well on the standard tests or new assessment tools.

Back To Top

Colorado

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity:

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200. Visual Field: Not mentioned in the regulations.Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. Doctor must fill out form 2401 Colorado Motor Vehicle Division, Motor Vehicle law 42-2-111 Driver License Services

Back To Top

Delaware

Date last verified: August, 2015

  • Visual Acuity – unrestricted license: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • Restricted to daylight only license: 20/50.
  • If the applicant cannot meet the standards when tested by the eyecare specialist, the license is denied, and he or she may appeal the decision to the MAB. The MAB’s recommendations are used by the Medical Review Section d to the Court of Common Pleas
  • Those who must wear bioptic lenses to drive must: be recommended by an optometrist or ophthalmologist; attend specialized rehabilitation training classes; and pass a written and road test administered by the Division.
  • Those who operate motor vehicles with bioptic lenses must complete a road skill test upon initial issue, when renewing their license, or when transferring their driver license from another state.
  • Visual Field: No requirements.

Dept. of Public Safety, Division of Motor Vehicles, Manager of Driver Safety.

Back To Top

Connecticut

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: Unrestricted license, 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Restricted license, 20/50 to 20/70. Under some circumstances a license can be issued when the visual acuity is 20/200. Visual Field: Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes, 100 degrees for a person with one eye. Bioptic Telescopes: An operator’s license shall not be issued to an operator who uses spectacle mounted telescopic aids. Health Standards for licensing decisions for operators of motor vehicles, section 14-45a-1

Back To Top

District of Columbia

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye requires 140 degree visual field for restricted license. A license can be issued upon the favorable recommendation of an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Visual Field: Minimum of 130 degrees in the horizontal meridian. Between 110 & 130 degrees, with ok Visual Acuity may be approved.The wearing of Bioptic Telescopic Glasses requires a restriction notice on the license. http://dmv.dc.gov/serv/medical/medicalRestrictions.shtm.

Back To Top

Florida

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: All drivers are required to have the best possible vision. Minimum of 20/70 in either eye, or both eyes together may pass with or without corrective lenses, if vision cannot be improved; however if one eye is blind or 20/200 or worse, the other eye must be 20/40 or better. Visual Field: The minimum acceptable field of vision is an uninterrupted 130 degrees in the horizontal field. The use of telescopic lenses to meet visual standards is not recognized in Florida.

Back To Top

Georgia

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: Must have 20/60 in either eye with or without corrective lenses. Bioptic Telescope Lenses are permitted for best corrected acuity as low as 20/200, with some restrictions. License renewal for bioptic drivers is now 4 years. Visual Field: 140 degrees minimum if two eyes. If monocular, needs minimum of 70 degrees temporally and 50 degrees nasally.Rules and Regulations 40-5-27

Back To Top

Hawaii

Date last verified: September, 2015

Drivers undergo vision screening each time they come into a licensing center for renewal. The test may be waived with the presentation of a vision report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist within the past 6-month period. If applicants do not meet the acuity standard of 20/40 in at least one eye, and visual field of 140 degrees horizontally, they must have a vision statement completed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist.

Back To Top

Idaho

Date last verified: August, 2015

Vision Standards:

  • 20/40 or better in one eye: No restrictions necessary
  • 20/50 – 20/60: Annual Visual and Road Test
  • 20/70 or worse: Deny
  • Visual Field: none

Bioptic Telescope:

  • Glasses are acceptable: 20/40 or better in one eye
  • Annual visual and road test
  • Daylight only

Back To Top

Illinois

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only). 20/100 in the better eye, 20/40 through bioptic telescope. Certain limitations are placed on type of telescopes. Visual Field: Field of vision must be 140 degrees for a person with two eyes. For monocular, 70 degrees temporally & 35 degrees nasally. Bioptic telescopes are permitted under certain circumstances with certain limitations.Drivers Services Department

Back To Top

Indiana

Date last verified: August, 2015

Vision Guidelines for Indiana Driving Licensure:

  • 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, no restrictions.
  • 20/50 in the better eye: restricted license daytime only.
  • 20/70 in the better eye: daytime only (must have proof of normal peripheral visual field)

Bioptic Telescope:

  • Bioptic Telescope Lenses are permitted for best corrected acuity through the carrier lens as low as 20/200, with some restrictions
  • Visual Acuity must reach 20/40 with telescope (4X or less)
  • Visual field no less than 120 degrees horizontal
  • Color vision adequate for traffic lights
  • Stable eye condition
  • Good mobility and mental attitude

Back To Top

Iowa

Date last verified: February, 2012

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/50 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only). 20/70 in the better eye: restricted license (daylight only, up to 35 mph). Visual Field: 140 degrees: no restriction. Between 115 and 140 degrees: certain restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet visual acuity standards.Iowa Drivers Manual, Administrative Rule 600.

Back To Top

Kansas

Date last verified: March, 2012

Those who possess visual acuity at 20/60 or worse must have the opinion of safety by the eye doctor and must take and pass a driving test. If VA is worse than 20/100 the Examiner must have the vision report forwarded to Driver Review for approval first. Driver Review will review the past history for merit and the doctor’s opinion and authorize drive testing up to 20/350. At 20/400 the Medical Advisory Board would have to be presented with the case and authorize it. Usually they do not. A bioptic telescope is allowed for driving in Kansas as long as all parties understand that we do NOT consider the bioptic reading a best correction. The carrier lenses reading must be given and safety answered by doctor. An applicant must drive at least once to demonstrate his ability to drive with the telescope and upon each renewal.

Again, based on the carrier reading. Doctor’s opinion of safety must be given if field drops below 110 degrees total for a two eyed applicant and for a monocular applicant, monocular field of vision is less than 155 degrees a driving test is required. If it is a new injury or evidence of hemianopsia, or quadrantanopsia we require safety. All drive test at least once with below standard visual field and as with visual acuity if it gets worse from year to year. We do not allow driving with less than 20 degrees field of vision. Kansas Administrative Regulations 92-52-12

Back To Top

Kentucky

Date last verified: August, 2015

Kentucky Medical Standards for Operators of Motor Vehicles, KAR 13:100, from Section 11: Visual acuity of at least 20/60 or better in at least one eye with single lens system. Binocular horizontal field of vision of at least thirty-five (35) degrees to the left and right side of fixation and a binocular vertical field of vision of at least twenty-five (25) degrees above and below fixation.Kentucky Bioptic Driving Law Below is an the Act relating to the operation of a motor vehicle in Kentucky which allowed for visually impaired driver’s to use bioptics. This Act took effect on January 1, 2001 allowing bioptic driving in Kentucky.A NEW SECTION OF KRS 186. 400 TO 186. 640 IS CREATED TO READ AS FOLLOWS:

  • Applicants accepted to participate in a certified driver training program shall meet the following minimum vision requirements
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/200 or better, with corrective lenses, in the applicant’s better eye
    • A visual field of at least one hundred twenty (120) degrees horizontally and eighty (80) degrees vertically in the same eye as used in paragraph (a) of this subsection
    • A distance visual acuity of 20/60 or better using a bioptic telescopic device
    • No ocular diagnosis or prognosis that indicates a likelihood that significant deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards outlined in this subsection will occur.
  • Upon acceptance into a certified driver training program, an applicant shall be given an examination to test his or her knowledge of the motor vehicle laws of the Commonwealth. This examination may be taken orally.
  • Take a comprehensive operator’s license examination administered by the State Police. The operator’s license examination shall include testing of the applicant’s driving skills over a route specifically designed to test the applicant’s competency using a bioptic telescopic device.

SECTION 4. A NEW SECTION OF KRS 186. 400 TO 186. 640 IS CREATED TO READ AS FOLLOWS:

  • The circuit clerk shall issue, to an applicant who successfully passes the operator’s license examination outlined in subsection (4) of Section 3 of this Act, an operator’s license with the following restrictions:
    • Required use of a bioptic telescopic device; and
    • Restricted to daytime driving.
  • A restriction to daytime driving in accordance with subsection (1) of this section shall be removed if the licensed driver:
    • Drives for thirty-six (36) months without any at-fault accidents and without any license suspensions
    • Successfully completes additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program
    • Passes a comprehensive night driving examination. The law applies as follows and TS are allowed to meet the requirement at any level (these are the official rules as written)

Basically, it works like this:

The process begins with an examination by a low vision specialist to determine whether the patient meets the visual acuity and visual field guidelines for the Kentucky Bioptic Driving Program.  An extensive assessment is conducted and includes a passenger-in-car evaluation of functional vision, as well as three paper-and-pencil tests that measure visual perception abilities, cognitive flexibility, and divided attention. The next step is training with a Driver Rehabilitation Specialist.

The requirements of the program are:

  • Visual Acuity: Must have 20/200 or better with corrective lenses in the better eye to be accepted into a certified driver training program
  • Visual acuity through the bioptic telescope measuring at least 20/60
  • Visual Field: 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically in the same eye
  • Behind-the-wheel training with the Bioptic Telescope is required at a minimum of 30 hours for a new driver and 15 hours for a previously licensed driver
  • Daytime-driving-only restrictions apply, but may be removed after 36 months if the licensed driver has no at-fault accidents or license suspensions
  • For night driving, the driver must successfully complete additional evaluation and training specifically designed for night driving from a certified driver training program. The daytime only restriction will be removed upon successful completion of training and a road skills test which is designed specifically for night driving

 

Finally, training is based on individual learning needs, as some individuals require more time than others.  If the behind-the-wheel training portion is passed, the individual is scheduled for a road skills test with the Kentucky State Police division of Driver’s Testing.

Back To Top

Louisiana

Date last verified: August, 2015

image001

  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes Note: If vision is worse than 20/200, i.e., 20/300, the applicant does not qualify for a license.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/60 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without the use of field expanders (devices attached to each side of the eye glasses).
  • Visual field of 110 degrees horizontal vision without or with corrective carrier lenses. If he has vision in only one eye, he must have a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision.
  • Submit, with the license application, an examination report from an ophthalmologist or optometrist on the Bioptic Telescopic Lens Vision Examination form (DPSMV 2008). The report shall certify that no ocular diagnosis or prognosis currently exists or is likely to occur during the period of issuance of the license which would cause deterioration of visual acuity or visual field to levels below the minimum standards provided for in this section.
  • Present proof of completion of at least 30-hours of behind-the-wheel training from a Department of Public Safety approved adaptive/bioptic instructor.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver’s skills test administered by a third party tester who is certified in adaptive training. The third party tester will administer the skills test and place the results in a sealed envelope for delivery to the Office of Motor Vehicles. The skills test is not required if the applicant is applying for a learner’s permit.
  • Meet all other criteria for licensure which includes proper identification documentation, certificate of completion of an approved 30-hour class room driver education training course (for ages 15 – 17) and/or 6-hour pre-licensing driver’s education course (age 18 or older) and successfully pass written exams.

RESTRICTIONS: A person using bioptic telescopic lenses shall be subject to the following restrictions

  • The applicant is eligible ONLY for a Class E license and shall not be permitted to operate a motorcycle or motor scooter.
  • The license shall permit operation of a motor vehicle only during the period beginning 1/2 hour after sunrise and ending 1/2 hour before sunset (“08″ restriction – Daylight driving only)
  • The applicant shall be prohibited from driving during adverse weather conditions.
  • Once the applicant has been determined “eligible,” a Class E license (or learner’s permit) can be issued with the following restrictions: 08 – Daylight driving only and 66 – Bioptic lenses required.
  • Any other restrictions deemed necessary by OMV shall be applied.

A person using bioptic telescopic lenses may have the “Daytime Only” (08 restriction) lifted if he meets all of the following requirements. The applicant must:

  • Have been licensed with bioptic telescopic lenses for at least one year.
  • Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/40 in one or both eyes with the bioptic telescopic lenses and without the use of field expanders.
  • Successfully pass a comprehensive driver’s skills test at night administered by a qualified Third Party Testers / Adaptive Bioptic Trainers.
  • Have no license suspensions, revocations or at-fault accidents for the previous 12 month period.

Back To Top

Maine

Date last verified: August, 2015

  • Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses.
  • 20/70 in the better eye with restrictions:
  • Each eye must be 20/70. If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/60 for daylight restricted license, with 25 mile radius.
  • If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/50 for daylight restricted license.
  • If one eye worse than 20/70, other eye must be at least 20/40 for unrestricted license.
  • Visual Field: Binocular field of vision 140 degrees.
  • Bioptic telescopic lens may be worn at certain times with a restricted license.Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles

Click here to see entire document Back To Top

Maryland

Date last verified: August, 2015

Driver’s License Requirements To qualify for an unrestricted driver’s license, the State of Maryland requires drivers to have:

  • Binocular vision
  • Visual acuity (Snellen) of at least 20/40 in each eye
  • A continuous field of vision of at least 140 degrees

Restricted licenses may be issued to persons having

  • Visual acuity of at least 20/70 in one or both eyes
  • A continuous field of vision of at least 110 degrees, with at least 35 degrees lateral to the midline of each side

Note: These two requirements must be simultaneous. Persons with visual acuity levels less than 20/70, but no worse than 20/100, require special handling by the MVA’s Glen Burnie Headquarters. Please contact the MVA’s Modified Vision Unit at (410) 768-7513 for information and special forms. You cannot qualify for any Maryland driver’s license if:

  • You cannot achieve visual acuity levels of 20/100 or better, using either one of both eyes (without telescopic lens)
  • You cannot achieve at least 110 degrees continuous field of vision

Bioptic telescope glasses are permitted for driving: www.marylandmva.com/DriverServ/VisionScreen/Default.htm

Back To Top

Massachusetts

Date last verified: February, 2012 Visual Acuity: unrestricted, 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses + 120 degree field + distinguish red/green/amber colors.Restricted License: 20/50 to 20/70 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses + 120 degree field + distinguish red/green/amber colors.Bioptic: 20/40 through telescope, 20/100 through carrier + same VF/Color requirements. The other eye must be at least 20/100.Bioptic telescopes are permitted under certain circumstances with certain limitations. Back To Top

Michigan

Date last verified: March, 2012 Bioptic drivers require 20/50, and new bioptic drivers need training and road test. Upon passing road test new bioptic drivers are restricted to daylight only and no freeways for 1 year minimum. After one year new bioptic drivers may petition for nighttime and freeway driving privileges for which additional training and testing will be required. No minimum carrier acuity is required. Yearly visual reports are required.

  • Vision with no progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Vision with progressive abnormality of the eye
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • 20/70 daylight only
    • < 20/70 not eligible
  • Drivers with 20/100 or less vision in one eye and the other
    • 20/50 full driving privileges
    • <20/60 not eligible
  • Peripheral Vision
    • >110 deg full driving privileges
    • 90-110 subject to additional conditions and requirements

Back To Top

Minnesota

Date last verified: August, 2015

Unrestricted/corrective lens restriction. The applicant, if otherwise eligible, will be considered for an unrestricted driver’s license or a driver’s license with a corrective lens restriction if the applicant meets the following visual standards:

  • visual acuity of 20/40 or better, with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses; and visual field of 105 degrees or greater in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes.
  • If the applicant needs corrective lenses to meet the visual acuity standards or if a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that the applicant wear corrective lenses, the applicant must wear the corrective lenses while operating a motor vehicle.
  • If a licensed physician or an optometrist recommends that corrective lenses not be worn, the commissioner shall impose suitable restrictions, if applicable, upon the applicant’s driving privileges.

An applicant shall submit a vision examination certificate from a licensed physician or an optometrist in a form as prescribed by the commissioner when:

  • the applicant disagrees with the results of the screening
  • the applicant’s vision cannot be determined;
  • any court or police officer has recommended that the applicant’s vision be examined
  • the commissioner has good cause to believe that an examination is warranted
  • the applicant has double vision
  • the applicant’s visual acuity is less than 20/40 with either one usable eye or with both eyes, with or without corrective lenses; or
  • the applicant’s visual field is less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes.

An applicant’s vision examination must have been conducted within six months of completion of the vision examination certificate.Restricted license; vision requirements.

  • visual acuity of 20/50 or less corrected vision with either one usable eye or with both eyes
  • visual field of less than 105 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes

When the applicant’s visual acuity is 20/80 or up to, but not including, 20/100 corrected vision, or when the applicant has any vision readings or problems not covered by the above general standards, the application will be referred to the driver evaluation unit, who shall determine whether a restricted license can be issued and the kinds of restrictions that are necessary to ensure that the applicant does not pose an unreasonable safety risk to the applicant personally or to others. License denial/cancellation. An applicant’s driver’s license will be denied or an existing driver’s license will be canceled under the authority of Minnesota Statutes, sections 171.04, subdivision 1, clause (11), 171.14, and 171.32, when:

  • the applicant has visual acuity of 20/100 or less corrected vision
  • the applicant is known to be receiving assistance for the blind
  • the applicant has visual field of less than 100 degrees in the horizontal diameter with either one usable eye or with both eyes
  • the commissioner receives a recommendation from a licensed physician or optometrist that the applicant’s driver’s license should be canceled or denied
  • the applicant fails to submit a required vision examination certificate within the requested time period

The statute does not specifically address use of bioptic telescopeglasses. The DMV allows their use if prescribed, and the patient has to have at least 20/80 through the TS and would be required to take a road test with the state to determine further restrictions. Statutory Authority: MS s14.06;171.04;171.13;171.14;299A.04 View full article

Back To Top

Mississippi

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity:

  • VA corrected or uncorrected of 20/200 in the better eye.
  • Bioptic VA of at least 20/50 in one eye.
  • Power of the bioptic not to exceed 4X
  • Horizontal field of no less than 105 degrees.
  • Prior to taking the test, must have a form filled out stating successful completion of a vision rehab program in the use of the bioptic device.  Signed by OD or MD.
  • Certification of having completed a min. 6 hour training course of behind the wheel driving with a certified bioptic driving instructor.

Back To Top

Missouri

Date last verified: August, 2015

GENERAL VISION INFORMATION: 

The standard minimum acuity required for an unrestricted license is 20/40 with either or both eyes.

Best-corrected vision between 20/41 – 20/59 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only.

20/60 – 20/74 with either or both eyes shall be restricted to daylight driving only and a 45 mph speed limit.

Anyone with best corrected vision between 20/75 – 20/160 with either or both eyes shall be referred to the department for an examination to determine whether further restrictions should be required.

The standard minimum peripheral reading is at least 55 degrees in each eye or 85 degrees in one eye.

If you are unable to meet the vision standards as required, you may be denied a license, or restrictions may be placed on your license.

If both your natural and corrected acuity vision are worse than 20/160, or your peripheral combined is worse than 70 degrees, you cannot take the driving test and cannot have a driver license.

 

BIOPTIC (TELESCOPIC) LENS INFORMATION:

The use of a telescopic lens, whether monocular or binocular, is not allowed to meet the vision requirements to receive a license but may be used as a driver’s aid. The applicant must have a reading of at least 20/160, without the aid of a telescopic lens or lenses, to be eligible for a Missouri driver license.

When the applicant is wearing a telescopic lens, the applicant will be referred to a vision specialist to obtain the reading through the carrier lens. Any applicable vision-related restrictions (such as Daylight Driving Only, 45 Miles Per Hour, Left Outside Mirror, Right Outside Mirror, etc.) would be based on the eye reading in the carrier lens(es). If the applicant has a telescopic lens (or lenses) mounted above the line of sight through the carrier lens of the glasses, the telescopic lens may serve as a supplement to the person’s vision.

Under no condition can the telescopic lens(es) be used to correct the person’s vision in order to meet the licensing standard.

The telescopic lens(es) may be used during the driving skills test.Drivers License Bureau, vision guidelines

Back To Top

Montana

Date last verified: August, 2015

Vision Standards:

  • 20/40 or better in each eye or both eyes together
  • No restrictions necessary Less than 20/40
  • Corrective lens restriction if vision can be improved 20/40 to 20/70 in both eyes together
  • Restricted to daylight only, 55 mph on the interstate and 45 mph otherwise, and/or may be required to pass the driving portion of the examination on renewal 20/70 to 20/100 in better eye
  • Unrestricted license will be denied, but applicant may request that a restricted license be issued.
  • If restricted license requested, special evaluation will be conducted by district supervisor or chief examiner to determine whether need for license exists.
  • Visual Field: None specified

Bioptics:

Allowed for driving but not permitted to improve visual acuity on testing.doj.mt.gov/driving/ARM Code 23.3.118; 23.3.119

Back To Top

Nebraska

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: Nebraska has 17 types of restrictions on driver’s licenses depending upon the vision in each eye. Generally, 20/40 in the better eye is required. Visual Field: Less than 100 degrees is denied. Over 140 degrees, no restriction. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards and require yearly renewal.Chapter 60, Motor Vehicles

Visual Acuity

  • Each eye with/without correction – 20/40
  • Both eyes with/without correctio – 20/40
  • If one eye blind, other with/without correction – 20/40
  • Absolute visual acuity minimum -20/70 (if the other eye is not blind)

Visual Fields

  • Minimum field requirement – 140˚ both eyes, if less than 100˚ then license denied.

Color Vision Requirement

  • Only for commercial drivers

Type of Road Test

  • The road test includes elements such as emergency stops, right turns and left turns.

Restricted Licenses

  • Available

 

Back To Top

Nevada

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Visual Field: Binocular field of vision 140 degrees. Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions. To be eligible to receive a driver’s license to operate a motor vehicle while wearing a telescopic device:

  1. The best corrected vision of the applicant must be:
    1. At least 20/40 when looking through the telescopic device; and
    2. At least 20/120 when looking through the carrier lens.
  2. The field of vision of the applicant must be at least 130 degrees.
  3. The condition which is the nature of the applicant’s visual deficiency must be stable.
  4. The applicant must pass a comprehensive road test to determine whether he or she is able to operate a motor vehicle safely while using the telescopic device and the carrier lens.

(Added to NAC by Dep’t of Motor Veh. & Pub. Safety, eff. 11-7-95) 483. 405 Driver’s License Division, Las Vegas, Nevada

Back To Top

New Hampshire

Date last verified: August, 2015

Standard license: minimum of 20/40 vision with both eyes or 20/30 with one eye Medical exceptions: vision between 20/40 and 20/70

Bioptics are not mentioned in the laws Part C, Department of Safety

Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes, or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight only restriction *There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes.

Drivers must have 20/40 acuity in both eyes, or 20/30 in one eye if the other is blind to pass the test. If they fail the vision test, they will be required to have an examination by their eyecare specialist to determine whether vision is correctable. A New Hampshire license will be issued to drivers with acuity of 20/70 in the better eye with a daylight only restriction

*There is no mention of testing vision using Bioptic telescopes.

Back To Top

New Jersey

Date last verified: August, 2015

  1. Vision will be considered as passing when a minimum of 20/50 is attained in each eye, with or without corrective lenses. This rating will be determined by the Snellen Chart.
  2. When the vision is either eye is less than 20/50 and cannot be improved by means of corrective lenses, a certificate adequately explaining the deficiency and signed by a physician, ophthalmologist or optometrist must be presented.
  3. When the vision in either eye is less than 20/50 and corrective lenses will improve the vision then corrective lenses will be required to be worn while driving except where corrective lenses show an improvement but wearing lenses would be detrimental to the applicants visual well being a statement to this effect, signed by a physician, ophthalmologist or optometrist must be presented.
  4. When there is no vision in one eye, the good eye must meet the minimum standard of 20/50 with or without corrective lenses.
  5. In the event that any special device or equipment is used or needed to meet the minimum requirements outlined in this section, the matter may be referred to Safety Standards/Driver Testing for final determination.

Visual Acuity test Standards for Commercial Driver License A person shall not drive a commercial vehicle unless he/she has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian in each eye and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green and amber. Licensing Service, 13:21-8. 10 e

Back To Top

New Mexico

Date last verified: March, 2012

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/80 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 120 degrees in the horizontal meridian, with at least 30 degrees in the nasal field of one eye. 

Bioptics are allowed for driving but not allowed to pass the visual acuity test. Taxation and Revenue Department, Driver Services.

Back To Top

New York

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: minimum best corrected 20/40 in one eye with or without glasses;

Limited License: 20/40 to 20/70 best corrected in one eye requires minimum of 140 degree horizontal visual field.

Limited License: 20/80 to 20/100 best corrected in one eye requires minimum of 140 degree horizontal visual field plus 20/40 through a Bioptic Telescopic Lens.

Specific areas of training in the use of the Bioptic Telescopic Lens are required

Note: Patient must have their bioptic telescopes in their possession for a min of 60 days BEFORE they contact DMV.
The “teacher” / “instructor” can be anyone per NYS DMV Medical Advisory Board in Albany. Their relative, spouse or friend need to sign off that the individual has achieved ALL of the requirements. If person feels they are not comfortable with the requirements then they need to seek out an instructor

Minimum Standard for Individuals with Corrected Vision of Less Than 20/40, but not Less Than 20/70

  • Horizontal, binocular field of vision must be no less than 140 degrees.

Minimum Standard for Telescopic Lens Wearers

  • Must have been fitted with, trained to use, and used telescopic lenses for at least 60 days prior to filing this form. For a first-time evaluation, telescopic lens wearers must complete the certification at the bottom of page 2.
  • Clip-on or hand-held telescopic lenses are not acceptable
  • Visual acuity (Snellen Method) through telescopic portion in either both eyes must be no less than 20/40
  • Visual acuity (Snellen Method) through carrier lens in either or both eyes must be no less than 20/100
  • Total horizontal, binocular field of vision (no field expanders) must be NO LES THAN 140 DEGREES
  • Must pass road test if he/she has not taken a road test while wearing his/her telescopic lenses
  • Eligible for a Class D or DJ driver license only
  • Ineligible for a commercial driver license (CDL), a motorcycle license or a moped license.

Back To Top

North Carolina

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses, no restrictions. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions; 20/70 in the better eye if the worse eye is 20/200 or worse. Visual Field: 60 degrees in one eye (30 degrees on each side). Binocular field of vision between 110 and 140 degrees with restrictions. Bioptic telescopes are allowed. Drivers Must:

  1. Demonstrate a visual acuity of at least 20/200 in one or both eyes and a field of 70 degrees horizontal vision with or without corrective carrier lenses, or if the person has vision in one eye only, the person demonstrates a field of at least 40 degrees temporal and 30 degrees nasal horizontal vision.
  2. To drive during daylight hours only, the driver must see 20/70 or better through the bioptic telescope(s).
  3. To also drive at night, the driver must see 20/40 or better through the bioptic telescope(s) and have a note from their optometrist or ophthalmologist stating that the applicant has adequate vision to safely drive at night.
  4. The driver must successfully complete a behind-the-wheel training and assessment program prescribed by the Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV).

p14-17, Driver Medical Evaluation

Back To Top

North Dakota

Date last verified: August, 2015

37-08-01-05. Minimum vision requirements and restrictions.Applicants and operators requesting or maintaining a North Dakota license or permit and who meet the following minimum vision standards, as established by the drivers license and traffic safety division, shall comply with the associated requirements and restrictions (which are nonexclusive): Minimum visual acuity Requirements and restrictions with or without corrective or special device.

Bioptic telescopesare permitted to meet visual acuity standards: 20/130 in carrier, 20/40 in telescope; full peripheral field. Visual Acuity less than 20/60 requires a road test.Whenever Visual Acuity is less than 20/80 or Visual Field less than 105 degrees, the medical advisory board review the case and make recommendations.Article 37-88, Chapter 37-88-01

Click Here to Read Attachment

Back To Top

Ohio

Date last verified: August, 2015

OH: http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-20 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. Driving without correction: Binocular applicant 20/40 or better, Monocular applicant 20/30 or better
  2. Driving with correction without restriction: Best corrected vision with corrective lenses: Same as non correction.
  3. Driving with restricted license: Binocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/40 but better than 20/70. Monocular: best corrected vision is poorer than 20/30 but better than 20/60
  4. No License: Binocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/70. Monocular applicant best corrected is worse than 20/60.
  5. Visual fields: If applicant has greater than 70 degrees of vision from a target in each eye, the license is unrestricted. If one eye is comprised, it must have 45 degrees of field from the target in that eye and greater than 70 degrees in the other eye for a restricted license. If the field is worse in either eye, no license is granted.
  6. Bioptic telescopes: Driving with bioptics is permitted, however, multiple steps must be met to achieve this.

For Bioptic Driving http://codes.ohio.gov/oac/4501:1-1-33 (Code last updated 03/21/2011 and still current)

  1. If the vision requirements were not met as it pertained in code 4501:1-1-20, a person may still get a license to drive with bioptic telescopes.
  2. The applicant must go to an approved certified driving training and evaluation program center and have a new vision evaluation to see if they may be able to enter the bioptic program.
  3. Once permitted into the program, the applicant must take an examination regarding motor vehicle laws in Ohio. Once passing the permit test, the applicant will be granted a permit.
  4. When the permit is granted, an examination will be done to assure that the applicant can achieve the above listed acuities through the bioptic telescope and have proper visual fields.
  5. After the bioptics have proven to achieve the proper vision requirements, a driving test will be administered by at least two highway patrolman examiners.
  6. The applicant is permitted three attempts to pass the driving test. If they do not pass, they must retake the permit test again. If the driving test is passed, they will obtain an restricted driving license for 12 months. If after 12 months there have been no traffic citations or accidents, the applicant may apply for an unrestricted license. This test must be passed by two different examiners both a half hour after sundown and a half hour before sunrise.

Driver License Special Case Section, 4501:1-1-33

Back To Top

Oklahoma

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 70 degrees in the horizontal meridian of each eye. The statue says: (d) Telescopic lenses. ‘A person wearing telescopic lenses will not be licensed. ’4. 3. 12 Driver License Examiner

Back To Top

Oregon

Date last verified: August, 2015

Licenses issued to persons with a limited vision condition using a bioptic telescope lens has specific guidelines that must be followed. Use the following link to view the DMV Form and Instructions regarding this program:

http://www.odot.state.or.us/forms/dmv/24a.pdf

735-062-0045, driver safety case management Enrolled Senate Bill 289 (sb 289-A)

Back To Top

Pennsylvania

Date last verified: August, 2015

  1. Driving without correction: 20/40 or better in each eye or combined vision
  2. Driving with correction: If vision is worse than 20/40 in each eye or combined vision but correctable to better than 20/60 with corrective lenses. 20/70 vision with best correction and permission from an optometrist or ophthalmologist may be granted a non-restricted license.
  3. Restricted license: If best corrected vision is worse than 20/70, but better than 20/100 with combined vision, a restricted license may be obtained. Many restrictions apply.
  4. Visual field: All applicants must have 120 degrees of horizontal field to drive.
  5. Monocular applicants are ok, providing they adhere to the above restrictions and guidlines.
  6. Bioptic Telescopes are not permitted for obtaining the permitted visual acuity, but are allowed once the acuity is achieved with regular correction and applicant has demonstrated the ability to use them as certified by a licensed eye care provider.
  7. There are no specifications for color vision.

PA:http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/067/chapter83/s83.3.html(code last updated in 2004, and still current)

Back To Top

Rhode Island

Date last verified: August, 2015

  1. Visual Acuity: 20/100 each eye through carrier, with or without correction. Visual Field: not less than 120 degrees combined horizontalBioptic Telescope:

    1. 20/40 though telescope
    2. monocular, fixed focus, spectacle mounted telescope only
    3. max power 3X

Restrictions: Daylight only, or pass a night driving test Other conditions also apply

Back To Top

South Carolina

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/70 in the better eye if worse eye is 20/200 or better; 20/40 if worse eye is worse than 20/200. Visual Field: Not mentioned in the regulations. 

Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet visual acuity standards, but may be used for driving. 735-062-0045, driver safety case management

Back To Top

South Dakota

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/60 in the better eye with restrictions. 20/70 or less must have a left outside mirror. Visual Field: No mention in the regulations.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to achieve the acuity requirements. A road test with the bioptic is required.

Back To Top

Tennessee

Date last verified: August, 2015

Summary Visual Acuity Restrictions 20/40 or better — None (unless corrective lenses are right eye and left eye needed to achieve visual acuity) 20/40 or better one eye * Corrective lenses (if applicable) 20/60 to blind other eye: Outside rear-view mirrors 20/60 or better — * Corrective lenses (if applicable) right eye and left eye Outside rear-view mirrors *NOTE: These persons shall be required to supply the eye statement provided by the Department and completed by a licensed ophthalmologist or optometrist. Applicants failing to meet any of the above standards shall be failed Low Vision Guidelines (Bioptic Lens and/or Telescopic Lens Wearer). Applicants for Class D, PD, or H licenses who are handicapped by low vision acuity, but who otherwise qualify for a driving privilege may be licensed under the following guidelines:Qualifications:

  1. The applicant shall have acceptable mobility.
  2. The applicant shall be free of all mental impairments.
  3. Prior to application, the bioptic wearer shall complete training in driving with a bioptictelescopic lens(es) from a driving instructor certified in this field.

Requirements:

  1. The applicant shall have a visual acuity of at least 20/200 with the best conventional non- telescopic corrective lens(es), and a full visual field. The central field vision loss shall not exceed five (5) degrees.
  2. The applicant’s visual acuity with the bioptic telescope shall be at least 20/60. The power of the bioptic telescope shall not exceed four powers (4x). The bioptic telescopic lens(es) may be fit either monocularly or binocularly, but shall be located superior to the normal line of gaze.
  3. The applicant shall have a horizontal visual field diameter of no less than one hundred fifty (150) degrees without the use of field expanders.
  4. The applicant shall present certification of having completed training in the use of a bioptic telescope for driving purposes. This certification shall be obtained from an optometrist or ophthalmologist identified by a recognized professional organization as one especially qualified in the field of Low Vision care or, from a Certified Rehabilitation Person.
  5. This course must have been completed while the applicant was wearing the bioptic telescopic lens(es).
  6. The applicant shall present a report from the Low Vision specialist on a form supplied by the Department which contains the following information:
    1. Patient’s vital data;
    2. Date the system was dispensed;
    3. Complete information regarding the visual requirements outlined above;
    4. Diagnosis of the visual condition and an apparent date of onset; and
    5. A statement concerning the stability of the condition (progressive, stable, or undetermined).
  7. This report shall not be written until the applicant has used the system at least sixty (60) days, and shall have been conducted within six (6) months of the date of the application.
  8. From the initial report date, the applicant shall re-submit annually an updated report.

Back To Top

Texas

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Restrictions begin with vision worse than 20/50, may require comprehensive road test. Restrictions may include daytime only, 45 mph maximum, and no freeway driving. Visual Field: No mention in the regulations. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet the visual acuity standards and must pass a comprehensive road test.

Back To Top

Utah

Date last verified: January, 2012

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions. Visual Field: 120 degrees horizontal and 20 degrees vertical. Bioptic telescopes are not permitted for driving in Utah. Utah Driver License Division.

Back To Top

Vermont

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. Visual Field: 60 degrees external, each eye. Monocular: 60 degrees external and 60 degrees nasal. Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards, must pass a road test. APA regulations, Section 8

Back To Top

Virginia

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/200 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 70 degrees or better.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted: 20/200 through carrier, 20/70 through telescope; may be restricted to daylight only but can be lifted after one year. Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, DL565 (7/89)

Back To Top

Washington

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 110 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. 7. 3 Vision Testing (R/10/97)

Back To Top

West Virginia

Date last verified: August, 2015

To qualify for the WV Bioptic Driving Program an applicant must present the following from a visual standpoint:

  1. Visual acuity of 20/70 – 20/200 inclusive in the better eye with best standard correction;
  2. Visual field of at least 120 degrees horizontally and 80 degrees vertically in the same eye as used for visual acuity determination;
  3. Improved visual acuity of 20/40 or better using a 4x maximum bioptic telescope;
  4. No serious color vision deficits;
  5. No ocular diagnosis or prognosis that is likely to deteriorate below the protocol levels of visual acuity and visual field as stated above.

Authority for these requirements based on laws of West Virginia, relating to “Class G” driver’s License.

Back To Top

Wisconsin

Date last verified: August, 2015

  1. If a person has uncorrected or corrected visual acuity of less than 20/40 in each eye, but at least 20/60 in one eye, the department shall refer the person to a vision specialist for examination and an advisory recommendation.
  2. If a person has uncorrected or corrected visual acuity of less than 20/60 in each eye, but 20/100 or better in one eye, the department shall refer the person to a vision specialist for examination and an advisory recommendation. The person shall complete a driving evaluation.
  3. If a person has a horizontal, temporal field of vision of less than 70° from center in one eye and 70° or more from center in the other eye, the person’s license shall be restricted%2…t for an examination and an advisory recommendation.

Special restricted operator’s licenses.

  1. No persons with visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better corrected eye, as certified by a vision specialist, may be issued a special restricted operator’s license.
  2. Persons applying for or holding a special restricted operator’s license with visual acuity between 20/100 and 20/200, but not including 20/200 in the better corrected eye, as certified by a vision specialist, shall be restricted to daylight hours of operation only.

Bioptic telescopes are not permitted to meet visual acuity standards, but may be used for driving. Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Section 8

Back To Top

Wyoming

Date last verified: August, 2015

Visual Acuity: 20/40 in the better eye, with or without corrective lenses. 20/100 in the better eye with restrictions Visual Field: 120 degrees in the horizontal meridian.

Bioptic telescopes are permitted to meet visual acuity standards. Restricted licenses have been granted to telescopic drivers. Section 8, Department of Transportation

Back To Top

Canada

Date last verified: February, 2012

  1. VISUAL ACUITY

    Class of License Recommended standard
    5 (Personal use) Not less than 20/50 both eyes opened and examined together.
    4 (Taxi) and 5 (Commercial) Not less than 20/40 with both eyes opened and examined together. Worse eyes not less than 20/200.
    1, 2, 3, 4 (Emergency) and 6 Not less than 20/30 with both eyes opened and examined together. Worse eyes not less than 20/100.
    VISUAL FIELD
    Class of License Recommended standard
    5 (Personal use) 120 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and 15 continuous degrees above and below fixation with both eyes opened and examined together.
    4 (Taxi) and 5 (Commercial) 120 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and 15 continuous degrees above and below fixation with both eyes opened and examined together.
    1, 2, 3, 4 (Emergency) and 6 150 continuous degrees along the horizontal meridian and 20 continuous degrees above and below fixation with both eyes opened examined together.

    Telescopic Lenses

    STANDARD: NOT PERMITTED TO HOLD ANY CLASS OF LICENCE.

    Exceptional Cases

    The loss of some visual functions can be compensated for adequately, particularly in the case of long standing or congenital impairments. When an individual becomes visually impaired, the capacity to drive safely varies with his/her compensatory abilities. As a result, there may be individuals with visual deficits who do not meet the vision standards for driving but who are able to drive safely. On the other hand, there may be individuals with milder deficits who do meet the vision standards but who cannot drive safely. In these exceptional situations, it is recommended that the individual undergo a special assessment for the fitness to drive. The decision on fitness to drive can only be made by the appropriate licensing authorities. However, it is recommended the following information be taken into consideration:

    1. favorable reports from the ophthalmologist or optometrist;
    2. good driving record;
    3. stability of the condition;
    4. no other significant medical contraindications;
    5. other references (e. g. professional, employment, etc);
    6. assessment by a specialist at a recognized rehabilitation or occupational therapy centre for driver training.

    In some cases it may be reasonable to grant a restricted or conditional license to an individual to ensure safe driving. It may also be appropriate to make such permits exclusive to a single class of vehicles.

Back To Top